Studying Electronics

Eligibility, Courses, Specialisations, Syllabus, Scope

What is Electronics?

Electronics is a discipline of physics and engineering concerned with the study of the behaviour, characteristics, emission, and control of electrons and their applications in electronic devices.

Electronics is an important stream of engineering and technology and deals with its application in a wide range of devices and systems across various sectors such as automobiles, healthcare machines, industrial machinery, agricultural components, and the entertainment industry.


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Undergraduate Electronics Degrees Offered

Candidates aspiring towards a career in electronics can opt for the following undergraduate degrees-

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Specialisations in Electronics

Specialisations offered in electronics include the following- 

  1. Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
  2. Communication Engineering/Communication Systems
  3. Digital Signal Processing
  4. Electric Vehicle Engineering
  5. Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)
  6. Electrical and Computer Science Engineering
  7. Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE)
  8. Electromagnetics
  9. Electronic Media
  10. Electronic Systems and Communication
  11. Electronics and Control System Engineering
  12. Electronics and Instrumentation
  13. Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering
  14. Electronics with AI & ML
  15. Electronics with Biomedical Engineering
  16. Electronics, Computer Science, and Mathematics
  17. Electrophysiology
  18. Embedded Systems
  19. Medical Electronics Engineering
  20. Modelling Electronics
  21. Electronics, Mathematics, and Physics
  22. Power and Automation
  23. Power Electronics and Controls | Power Electronics and Drive | Power Control and Drives
  24. Robotics and Automation
  25. Signal and Image Processing
  26. Telecommunication Engineering
  27. VLSI Design
  28. Wireless Communication Systems


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Eligibility and Requirements for Electronics

Students can enrol in electronics colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling on electronics programmes and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50-55% marks. 
  • Candidates must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.


Admission Procedure for Electronics

The admission procedure for electronics colleges and courses in India is as follows- 

  • Candidates applying for electronics courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to appear for the respective entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counselling session for the respective colleges/entrances. 
  • In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.
  • Shortlisted candidates may then finalize their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Entrance Tests for Electronics Courses

Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate electronics courses include the following-


Aptitude for Electronics

Students with an interest in physics and the working of electronic systems will find electronics the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for electronics with the following criteria:

  • Analytical and critical thinking
  • Attention to details
  • Strong proficiency in mathematics and physics
  • IT skills
  • Communication and teamwork
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Time management and efficiency
  • Technical knowledge
  • Innovation and creativity


Electronics Subjects

Electronics courses comprise subjects and topics such as-

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Applied Physics
  • Applied Chemistry
  • Digital and Control Systems
  • Circuit and Networks
  • Power Electronics
  • VLSI and Embedded Systems Design
  • Integrated Circuit Technology 
  • Instrumentation Systems
  • Digital Communication and Technology
  • Electrical Mechanics
  • Industrial Production
  • Micro-controls and Processing
  • Electronics Programming
  • Electromagnetics


Top Electronics Specialisations for the Future

Electronics has immense prospects in a rapidly digitalised world. Top electronics specialisations for the future include- 

  • Consumer Electronics Manufacture
  • Sustainable Power Systems and Electronics 
  • Health Care Electronics
  • Remote Sensing Technology
  • Energy Storage Technology
  • VLSI Electronics
  • Telecommunications Electronics 


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Electronics

After completing their undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their electronics study goals through postgraduate and research degrees. 

The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate electronics degree in the specialisation/course of choice from a recognised university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.

Popular postgraduate degrees in electronics include-

  • Master of Technology (M Tech)- 2 years
  • Master of Engineering (ME)- 2 years
  • Master of Science (MSc)- 2 years
  • Post-graduate Diploma- 9 months to 2 years
  • Master of Philosophy (M Phil.)- 2 years
  • Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)

Important entrance exams for admission into postgraduate electronics programmes include-

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- conducted by the Indian Institutes of Science (IISc) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  • Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati
  • Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)- conducted by JNU
  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance Test (TISS-NET)- conducted by TISS
  • Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test (TANCET)- conducted by Anna University


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Career Prospects/Placements in Electronics

Electronics is a promising study goal and a highly coveted stream in engineering and technology. Electronics offers several career avenues and job prospects in both, the public and private sectors. Electronics graduates receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programmes organised by the training and placement cell. 

Popular and lucrative career prospects in electronics include the following- 

  • Electrical Engineer
  • Telecommunications Engineer
  • Instrumentation Manager
  • Electronics Technician 
  • Laboratory and Research Technician
  • Communication Technician 
  • Aviation Electronics Engineer
  • Electrical Controls and Maintenance Technician
  • Power Electronics Engineer
  • Electronics Design Engineer
  • Digital Electronics Technician
  • Network Planning Manager


Starting Salaries in Electronics

Starting salaries in electronics range between INR 4 to 7 LPA, and can go as high as 20 LPA for experienced senior technicians. 


Subjects Similar to Electronics

Candidates with an interest in electronics might be interested in similar subjects like-

  1. Electrical Engineering
  2. Telecommunications Engineering
  3. Mechanical Engineering
  4. Avionics
  5. Computer Science
  6. Information Science


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