Studying Computer Science

Eligibility, Courses, Specialisations, Syllabus, Scope

What is Computer Science?

Computer Science is a discipline of science and technology dealing with the study of computers and the aggregation, algorithm processes, analysis, design, creation, implementation, and maintenance of software and hardware computational systems and information.

Computer Science is a highly coveted stream of science and engineering and comprises a gamut of specializations like artificial intelligence, information security, data science, computer programming, computer graphics, and big data.


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Undergraduate Computer Science Degrees Offered

Candidates aspiring towards a career in computer science can opt for the following undergraduate degrees-


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Specializations in Computer Science

Specializations offered in computer science include the following- 

  1. Advanced Operating System
  2. Algorithms and Data Structures
  3. Artificial Intelligence
  4. Cloud Computing
  5. Computational Engineering
  6. Computer Networks and Cyber Security
  7. Computer Science & Communication Engineering
  8. Computer Science & Systems Engineering
  9. Computer Science and Business Systems
  10. Computer Science and Coding Practices
  11. Computer Science and Design
  12. Computer Science Engineering
    • Artificial Learning and Machine Learning | Bioinformatics | Block Chain Technology | Information Security | Internet of Things | Telecom Informatics | Data Science | Big Data | Computational Sustainability | IT Infrastructure
  13. Communication and Networks
  14. Computer Science, Bioinformatics, and Statistics
  15. Computer Science, Mathematics, Electronics
  16. Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics
  17. Computer Science, Statistics and Mathematics
  18. Computer System & Network Administration
  19. Control and Automation
  20. Cryptography & Network Security
  21. Cyber-Physical Systems
  22. Cyber Security
  23. Data Mining and Machine Learning
  24. Data Science and Analytics
  25. Digital and Interactive Media
  26. Digital Service Design
  27. Ethics and Digital Technology | Ethical Hacking
  28. Full Stack Development
  29. Game Design and Development
  30. Gaming Technology
  31. Human-Computer Interaction
  32. Information Technology (IT)
  33. Information Management and Data Analytics
  34. Software Engineering
  35. System & Network Administration
  36. Systems Architecture
  37. Virtualization Technology


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Eligibility and Requirements for Computer Science

Students can enroll in computer science colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling in computer science programs and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognized Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50-55% marks. 
  • Candidates must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with Computer Science, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.


Admission Procedure for Computer Science

The admission procedure for computer science colleges and courses in India is as follows- 

  • Candidates applying for computer science courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to appear for the respective entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counseling session for the respective colleges/entrances. Some colleges also conduct group discussions and private interviews (GD/PI) for further screening of candidates.
  • In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.
  • Shortlisted candidates may finalize their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Entrance Tests for Computer Science Courses

Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate computer science courses include the following-



Aptitude for Computer Science

Students with an interest in computers and programming will find computer science the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for computer science with the following criteria:

  • Analytical and critical thinking 
  • Strong mathematics and science foundation
  • Numeracy
  • Technical knowledge of hardware and software systems
  • Problem-solving and resolution skills
  • Organisational skills
  • Knowledge of programming languages  
  • Logical reasoning
  • Teamwork


Computer Science Subjects

Computer Science courses comprise subjects and topics such as:

  • Algorithm Systems
  • Information Security
  • Artificial Intelligence 
  • Operating Systems
  • Coding 
  • Programming Concepts
  • Digital Electronics
  • Web Technology
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Computational Theory and Logic
  • Information Theory
  • Systems and Architecture
  • Web Application and Technology 
  • Software Development 
  • Computer Modelling 
  • Database Management
  • Foundational Mathematics
  • Technical Writing

Besides core courses, computer science students also have skill development subjects, ability-enhancement courses, and discipline-specific, general, and interdisciplinary electives in their syllabi. 


Top Computer Science Specialisations for the Future

Computer science has immense prospects in a rapidly digitalized world. Top computer science specializations for the future include- 

  • Cyber-security
  • Ethical Hacking
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Machine Learning (ML)
  • Software Engineering
  • Cloud Computing
  • Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)
  • Digital and Interactive Media
  • Information Systems
  • Systems Architecture


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Computer Science

After completing undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their computer science study goal through postgraduate and research degrees. 

The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate computer science degree in the specialization/course of choice from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.

Popular postgraduate degrees in computer science include-

  • Master of Technology (M Tech)- 2 years
  • Master of Engineering (ME)- 2 years
  • Master of Science (MSc)- 2 years
  • Master of Computer Applications (MCA)- 2 years
  • Post-graduate Diploma- 9 months to 2 years
  • Master of Philosophy (M Phil)- 2 years
  • Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Important entrance exams for admission into postgraduate computer science programs include-

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- conducted by the Indian Institutes of Science (IISc) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  • Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati
  • Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)- conducted by JNU
  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance Test (TISS-NET)- conducted by TISS



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Career Prospects/Placements in Computer Science

Computer Science is a promising study goal and one of the most highly coveted streams in science and technology. Computer Science offers several career avenues and job prospects in both, the public and private sectors. CS graduates receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programs organized by the training and placement cell. 

Popular and coveted career prospects in computer science include the following- 

  • Computer Engineer
  • Computer Programmer
  • Data Analyst
  • Database Administrator
  • Data Scientist
  • Ethical Hacker
  • Cyber Security Analyst
  • IT Specialist
  • Networks Engineer
  • Programmer
  • Software Engineer/Architect
  • Web Developer
  • Technical Writer
  • DevOps Engineer
  • Game Designer/Developer
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Artificial Intelligence Engineer


Starting Salaries in Computer Science

Starting salaries in mathematics range between INR 4 to 10 LPA, and can go as high as 50 LPA for experienced professionals and academicians. 


Subjects Similar to Computer Science

Candidates with a propensity for computer science might be interested in similar subjects like-

  • Computer Application
  • Data Analysis
  • Robotics
  • Electrical and Telecommunications Engineering
  • Bioinformatics
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Machine Learning (ML)
  • Data Science