Studying Mechanical Engineering

Eligibility, Courses, Specialisations, Syllabus, Scope

What is Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical Engineering is the discipline of science and technology concerned with the design, manufacture, development, analysis, and testing of machines and various technical systems and processes.

Mechanical Engineering comprises several specializations such as fluid mechanics, thermal systems, robotics, automotive mechanics, machine design and development, and mechatronics.


Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering Degrees Offered

Candidates aspiring towards a career in mechanical engineering can opt for the following undergraduate degrees-


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Specialisations in Mechanical Engineering

Specialisations offered in mechanical engineering include the following- 

  1. Mechatronics
  2. Production Technology
  3. Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
  4. Mechanical and Automation Engineering
  5. Digital Manufacturing
  6. Automotive
  7. Automation and Control
  8. Manufacturing Technology
  9. Mechatronics Engineering
  10. Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics
  11. Controls and Robotics
  12. Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Systems
  13. Material Science Mechanics
  14. Computational Mechanics
  15. Machine Design
  16. Combustion Mechanics
  17. Welding Metallurgy


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Eligibility and Requirements for Mechanical Engineering

Students can enrol in mechanical engineering colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling on mechanical engineering programmes and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50-55% marks. 
  • Candidates must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with compulsory science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, and Home Science.


Admission Procedure for Mechanical Engineering

The admission procedure for mechanical engineering colleges and courses in India is as follows- 

  • Candidates applying for mechanical engineering courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to appear for the respective entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counselling session for the respective colleges/entrances. 
  • In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.
  • Shortlisted candidates may then finalize their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Entrance Tests for Mechanical Engineering Courses

Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate mechanical engineering courses include the following-


Aptitude for Mechanical Engineering

Students with an interest in physics and mechanics will find mechanical engineering the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for mechanical engineering with the following criteria:

  • Analytical and critical thinking
  • Attention to details
  • Strong proficiency in mathematics and physics
  • IT skills
  • Communication and teamwork
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Time management and efficiency
  • Technical knowledge
  • Commercial and budgeting awareness
  • Innovation and creativity
  • Project management 
  • Leadership 


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Mechanical Engineering Subjects

Mechanical Engineering courses comprise subjects and topics such as-

  • Kinematics and Dynamics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Measurement and Instrumentation 
  • Heat Transfer and Thermodynamics
  • Hydraulics
  • Engineering Materials
  • Metrology
  • Manufacturing Processes
  • Applied Physics
  • Chemistry and Metallurgy
  • Production Technology
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Industrial Management
  • Mechanical Engineering Design
  • Maintenance Engineering
  • Machining Technology
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Machine Drawing
  • Control Systems 
  • Electricity and Magnetism


Top Mechanical Engineering Specialisations for the Future

The most coveted and lucrative mechanical engineering specialisations for the future include-

  • Robotics
  • Sustainable Mechanics
  • Automotive Design
  • Mechatronics
  • Renewable Energy Mechanisms
  • Nanotechnology
  • Materials Engineering


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Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Mechanical Engineering

After completing their undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their mechanical engineering study goals through postgraduate and research degrees. 

The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate mechanical engineering degree in the specialisation/course of choice from a recognised university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.

Popular postgraduate degrees in mechanical engineering include-

  • Master of Technology (M Tech)- 2 years
  • Master of Engineering (ME)- 2 years
  • Master of Science (MSc)- 2 years
  • Post-graduate Diploma- 9 months to 2 years
  • Master of Philosophy (M Phil)- 2 years
  • Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)

Important entrance exams for admission into postgraduate mechanical engineering programmes include-

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- conducted by the Indian Institutes of Science (IISc) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  • Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati
  • Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)- conducted by JNU
  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance Test (TISS-NET)- conducted by TISS
  • Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test (TANCET)- conducted by Anna University


Career Prospects/Placements in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering is a promising study goal and a highly coveted stream in engineering and technology. Mechanical Engineering offers several career avenues and job prospects in both, the public and private sectors. Mechanical Engineering graduates receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programmes organised by the training and placement cell. 

Popular and lucrative career prospects in mechanical engineering include the following- 

  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Mechanical Designer
  • Service Engineer
  • Quality Control Technician
  • Instrumentation and Control Engineer
  • Automotive Engineer
  • Maintenance Engineer/Technician
  • Construction Engineer
  • Manufacturing Engineer
  • Vehicle Engineer


Starting Salaries in Mechanical Engineering

Starting salaries in mechanical engineering range between INR 2 to 7 LPA, and can go as high as 60 LPA for experienced senior technicians. 


Subjects Similar to Mechanical Engineering

Students interested in mechanical engineering might be interested in similar subjects like-

  • Automobile Engineering
  • Biomechanics
  • Physics
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Instrumentation and Control Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Product Engineering
  • Robotics


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