B.Arch - Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Scope

Discover all the information you need about B.Arch including the list of the top Colleges offering Architecture Degrees in India

What is B Arch?

B Arch stands for “Bachelor of Architecture” and is a five-year professional undergraduate degree awarded to students pursuing architecture and planning studies. A Bachelor of Architecture degree covers all kinds of architectural principles and considerations, including the conceptualization, planning, creation, and construction of buildings and other edifices.


Specializations in B Arch

Specializations in Bachelor of Architecture degrees include the following:

  • Building Construction Technology
  • Commercial Architecture
  • Green Building Design
  • Industrial Architecture
  • Interior Design and Planning
  • Landscaping Architecture
  • Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Public Works
  • Residential/Housing Architecture
  • Restoration Architecture
  • Sustainable Architecture
  • Urban Design and Planning


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Eligibility and Requirements for B Arch

The first step towards acquiring a Bachelor of Architecture degree is meeting the necessary eligibility criteria and course requirements. Students can join B Arch programs by appearing for architecture entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognized Indian school and board with 50% minimum aggregate marks.

  • Candidates must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.


B Arch Admission Procedure

The official procedure for admission into a Bachelor of Architecture course is as follows-

  • Candidates applying to B Arch programs must fulfill the minimum eligibility to sit for architecture entrance exams. Candidates can apply for architectural entrances like JEE and NATA by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents and application fees.

  • After writing the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on their test scores, ranks, and merit lists in the JoSAA and the respective college’s counseling session. Some colleges also conduct group discussions and private interviews (GD/PI) for further screening of candidates.

  • Selected candidates can finalize their B Arch admission at the respective college by completing the document verification and fee payments.


B Arch Entrance Tests

Bachelor of Architecture courses in India require clearing entrance exams for admission. Various entrance tests are conducted on the central, state, and university levels for admission into B.Tech. programs in engineering and technology colleges across India.

Some of the important entrances offering admission into B Arch programmes include the following-

  • IIT AAT- Architecture Aptitude Test for admission into the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee and Kharagpur. Only candidates ranking up to 2,50,000 in JEE-Main can qualify for IIT AAT.

  • HITSEEE- for admission into Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science.

  • KITEEE- for admission into Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology

  • JNTUPACET- Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Planning And Architecture Common Entrance Test

  • Common/joint entrance tests for respective states (KCET, WBJEE, UPSEE, TANCET, MAH M.Arch CET, etc.)


Aptitude for B Arch

Students with artistic and aesthetic inclinations in design and construction will find a Bachelor of Architecture to be the ideal degree for them to pursue. Students may gauge their aptitude for B Arch with the following criteria:

  • Creativity and design skills

  • Mathematical proficiency

  • Spatial mapping reasoning

  • Understanding of perspectives and colour schemes

  • Logical reasoning

  • Analytical thinking

  • 2D and 3D rendering ability

  • Interest and preliminary knowledge in building and construction


B Arch Subjects

The Bachelor of Architecture course material comprises subjects like-

  • History of Architecture

  • Architectural Graphics

  • Visual Arts and Basic Design

  • Mathematical Concepts

  • Building Materials

  • Structural Design

  • Theory of Structures

  • Housing

  • Computer Technology

  • Pricing and Cost Estimation

  • Environmental Studies

  • Building Construction

  • Computer Applications

  • Professional Communications

  • Site Planning and Landscape Studies

  • Design Methodologies

  • Practical Training

  • Working Drawing

  • Urban Design Studies


Top B Arch Specialisations for the Future

The most promising and lucrative specializations to opt for in Bachelor of Architecture programs include-

  • Environment and Green Building Architecture

  • Sustainability Architecture

  • Extreme Architecture

  • Commercial Architecture

  • Preservation Architecture

  • Landscape Architecture

  • Urban Planning


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities after B Arch

Students can choose from a range of master's degrees to pursue their postgraduate study and research after completing their undergraduate architecture training with a Bachelor of Architecture degree. Popular postgraduate study and research opportunities in India after B Arch include-

  • Master of Architecture or M Arch (General)

  • Master of Architecture or M Arch (Specialization)

  • Master of Planning (M Plan)

  • Master of Philosophy or M Phil in Architecture

  • PhD (Doctorate) in Architecture

Candidates can obtain admission into these programmes by clearing entrance tests. Popular postgraduate architectural entrances include the following–


Career prospects/Placements after B Arch

A Bachelor of Architecture course is a promising undergraduate professional degree and offers several career avenues and job prospects in both the public and private sectors. B Arch graduates generally receive placement offers from their final/penultimate year through the college’s Training And Placement (T&P) cell. B Arch students must register with the Council of Architecture to be able to practice as professional architects.

After completing their B.Arch degrees and registering with the Council of Architecture as licensed architects, students can choose from a variety of careers depending on their specializations. Some of the popular and lucrative career prospects in architecture include:

1. Project Architect

2. Architectural Designer

3. Architecture Engineer

4. Principal Architect

5. Construction Manager

6. Industrial Designer

7. Landscape Architect

8. Interior Designer

9. Urban Planner

10. Environment and Sustainability Architect


B Arch Starting Salaries

The average starting salaries for architects with a Bachelor of Architecture (B Arch) degree range between 2 to 3 lakhs per annum and can go as high as 40 LPA for senior architects.


Also Read:
Top Interior Design Colleges in India


Subjects Similar to B Arch

A Bachelor of Architecture is a creative and technical degree combining aspects of engineering and designing to teach the planning and construction of structures and edifices. Students planning to pursue B Arch may also consider similar subjects and fields of study such as-

  • Planning
  • Design Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Building Services Engineering
  • Interior Designing
  • Statistics and Modelling
  • Product Designing
  • Graphic Designing
  • Construction Technology