BE - Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Specialisations

Discover all the information you need about BE including the list of the top Engineering Colleges in India

What is BE?

BE stands for “Bachelor of Engineering”, and is a four-year undergraduate degree awarded to students pursuing various streams and specialisations in engineering. 

A Bachelor of Engineering is a theoretical degree in engineering studies which educates students on the scientific basics and theoretical principles of engineering. BE comprises a comprehensive knowledge-based curriculum with an emphasis on strengthening a student’s theoretical understanding of the subject.


Read More: 
Top Ranked Engineering Colleges in India

Top IT & Software Colleges in India


Specialisations in BE

Bachelor of Engineering comprises a gamut of specialisations depending upon the sector of work- 

  • Acoustic/Sound Engineering 
  • Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering
    • Aeronautics | Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics | Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering| Aerospace Propulsion | Aerodynamic Fluid Flow | Guidance, Navigation, and Control | Propulsion and Combustion
  • Agriculture and Food Engineering 
  • Automobile Engineering
    • Automobile Engineering (Electric Vehicle) | Automotive Design Engineering | Automotive Engineering | E-Vehicles & Autonomous Vehicles | Electric Vehicles Engineering | Electrical Engineering-Electric Vehicle
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineering 
    • Artificial Intelligence and Data Science | Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning | Automation and Artificial Intelligence | Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality
  • Biotechnology/Biomedical Engineering 
    • Bioengineering | Biological Engineering | Biological Sciences and Bio-Engineering | Biotechnology and Bioinformatics | Biomedical Design Engineering | Prosthetics & Orthotics
  • Chemical Engineering 
    • Refining and Petrochemicals | Chemical Science & Technology | Oils, Oleochemicals and Surfactants Technology | Surface Coating Technology | Materials Science and Engineering | Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering | Polymer and Coating Technology | Polymer Engineering and Technology | Rubber and Plastic Technology | Ceramic Engineering/Technology
  • Civil Engineering
    • Civil and Infrastructure Engineering | Civil Engineering (Construction Engineering & Management) | Civil-Irrigation Water Management

Also Read: 
Top Civil Engineering Colleges in West Bengal | Kolkata


  • Computer Science Engineering
    • Computational Engineering | Computer Science & Communication Engineering | Computer Science & Systems Engineering | Computer Science and Engineering and Business Systems | Computer Science and Engineering (Artificial Learning and Machine Learning) | Computer Science and Engineering (Bioinformatics) | Computer Science and Engineering (Block Chain Technology) | Computer Science and Engineering (Information Security) | Computer Science and Engineering (Internet of Things) | Computer Science and Engineering with Telecom Informatics | Computer Science and Information Technology | Computer Science Engineering (Data Science) | Computer Science Engineering (Big Data) | Computer Science Engineering (Computational Sustainability) | Computer Science Engineering (IT Infrastructure) 


Read about Computer Science Engineering Colleges:
Top Computer Science Colleges in West Bengal | Kolkata
Top Computer Science Colleges in Tamil Nadu


  • Construction Engineering 
  • Data Science Engineering
    • Data Science and Cyber Forensic | Data Analytics | Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence Hons | Artificial Intelligence and Data Science
  • Electronics and Communications Engineering (ECE)
    • Communication Engineering | Electronics and Communication (VLSI Design) | Electronics and Communication with Biomedical Engineering | Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE)
    • Electrical and Computer Engineering| Electrical and Computer Science Engineering | Electrical Engineering (Power and Automation) | Electronic Science | Electronics and Computer Engineering | Electronics and Computer Engineering (with AI & ML) | Electronics and Control System Engineering | Electronics and Instrumentation | Electronics Instrumentation | Electronic Media | Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering | Medical Electronics Engineering | Power Engineering | Power Control and Drives | Power Electronics and Drive   
  • Environmental Engineering
    • Sustainable Energy Management | Sustainable Development | Energy Science and Engineering | Renewable Sustainability Engineering | Solar Engineering and Management | Solar and Alternate Energy
  • Industrial Engineering and Management
    • Industrial Fish and Fisheries | Industrial Heavy Machinery | Industrial Internet of Things
  • Information Technology (IT Engineering)
    • Information System Management | CSE DevOps | IT & ITES | Internet of Things | Internet Of Things and Cyber Security including BlockChain Technology | Software Development | Software Engineering


Read about Information Technology (IT Engineering) Colleges:
Information Technology Colleges in Kolkata
Top Information Technology Colleges in Tamil Nadu


  • Instrumentation and Control Engineering (ICE)
    • Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering.
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Marine Engineering 
    • Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Mechanical Engineering 
    • Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering | Mechanical and Automation Engineering | Mechanical Engineering (Digital Manufacturing) | Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) | Mechanical Engineering (Manufacturing) | Mechatronics Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering 
    • Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering 
    • Nuclear Medicine Technology
  • Petroleum/Petrochemical Engineering 
    • Applied Petroleum Engineering Gas stream | Applied Petroleum Engineering Upstream
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology
  • Product Engineering
    • Product and Industrial | Product Design | Production Design | Production Technology
  • Robotics Engineering
    • Robotics and 3D Printing | Robotics and Automation | Automation and Robotics | Embedded Systems & Robotics
  • Telecommunications Engineering
    • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering | Information Science and Telecommunication | Computer Science and Engineering with Telecom Informatics
  • Advanced Materials and Nano Technology
  • Advanced Networking and Cyber Security
  • Cloud Computing | Cloud Computing and Virtualization Technology | Cloud Technology and Information Security
  • Dairy Technology
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Science
  • Mining/Mining Machinery Engineering
  • Printing Engineering and Technology


Read More about the top Engineering Colleges in Kolkata:
Top B.Tech Colleges in Kolkata

List of Electrical Engineering Colleges in Kolkata
Top Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Kolkata


Eligibility and Requirements for BE

Students can enrol in Bachelor of Engineering programmes after appearing for engineering entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling on BE engineering entrances and programmes must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks. 
  • Candidates must have opted for the Science stream with English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.

BE Admission Procedure

The admission procedure for Bachelor of Engineering courses is as follows-

  • Candidates applying for Bachelor of Engineering programmes have to meet the minimum eligibility criteria to appear for engineering entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the JEE entrance/other examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the JoSAA counselling session for the respective colleges/entrances. 
  • Shortlisted candidates may finalise their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Read More: Top Ranked Institutes in India:


BE Entrance Tests

Most Bachelor of Engineering courses in India require clearing entrance exams for admission. Various entrance tests are conducted on the central, state, and university levels for admission into BE programmes in engineering and technology colleges across India. 

Some important entrance tests for pursuing BE programmes in India include the following-

Aptitude for BE

Students interested in the theoretical underpinnings of engineering sciences will find a Bachelor of Engineering an ideal degree to pursue in the science and engineering sector. Students may gauge their aptitude for BE with the following criteria:

  • Proficiency in mathematics and science
  • Problem-solving skills 
  • Mechanical knowledge and reasoning
  • Logical and diagrammatic reasoning
  • Spatial awareness
  • Creativity and innovation

BE Subjects

Some subjects such as the ones listed below are common to most Bachelor of Engineering programmes. In addition to these, candidates are also taught specialisation-specific subjects, inter-departmental subjects, skill-developmental subjects, and general elective subjects. Topics covered in BE include-

  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Computer Programming
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Electronics
  • Environmental Studies
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Thermodynamic Principles
  • Data Structures
  • Theory of Machines
  • Control Systems
  • Machine Design
  • Circuit Design
  • Hydraulics
  • Industrial Automation
  • Instrumentation
  • Structural Analysis
  • Microprocessors
  • Labwork

Top BE Specialisations for the Future

The most sought-after and lucrative Bachelor of Engineering specialisations to opt for in the future are-

  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics/Communication Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineering

Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities after BE

After completing undergraduate engineering with a Bachelor of Engineering degree, students may opt for higher education with a master's/PhD degree. Here are a few postgraduate study and research opportunities in India after BE-

  • Master of Engineering (ME)
  • Masters of Technology (M Tech)
  • Master of ScMasterM Sc)
  • Master in Engineering Management
  • Masters of Business Administration (MBA) or Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM)  in Engineering Management
  • Postgraduate certificate courses in relevant specializations
  • M Phil in Engineering
  • PhD (Doctorate) in Engineering

Popular entrance examinations held across India to offer admission into postgraduate engineering courses include the following–

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
  • IIT Delhi M. Tech Entrance Exam
  • IIT Hyderabad Postgraduate Entrance Examination (IITH PGEE)
  • SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam, Postgraduate (SRMJEEE PG)
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) Online Entrance Test (MET) 
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru conducts Jawaharlal Nehru University Common Entrance Exam (JNU CEE)
  • Post Graduation Common Entrance Tests (PGCET) for respective Indian states


Read More: Top Engineering Colleges in major cities of India:
Top Engineering Colleges in Hyderabad
Top Engineering Colleges in Pune
Top Engineering Colleges in Bangalore


Career prospects/Placements after BE

A Bachelor of Engineering is one of the most sought-after professional degrees in India and abroad. Acquiring a BE degree opens several avenues and career prospects in the public and private sectors. Bachelor of Engineering graduates is offered placement opportunities by their college’s Training And Placement (T&P) cells from their final/penultimate year. Top engineering companies recruiting from leading BE engineering institutions in India include:

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)
  • Engineers India Ltd.
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited
  • ISRO
  • Cummins India Ltd.
  • Infosys
  • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
  • Reliance Industries
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Hindalco

Some of the leading international companies offering placements in Indian engineering institutes include:

  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Deloitte
  • Apple
  • Accenture
  • IBM
  • Morgan Stanley
  • NASA
  • Goldman Sachs
  • Cognizant

After completing BE degrees, students may choose from a wide array of career prospects depending on their specializations. Some of the popular and lucrative career prospects in engineering include:

  • Research Scientist
  • Computer Scientist/Engineer
  • Data Scientist
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Software Developer
  • Aerospace Engineer

Starting Salaries after BE

The average starting salaries for Bachelor of Engineering graduates range between IR 4 to 6 LPA and can go as high as INR 1 crore LPA for experienced engineers. 

Subjects Similar to BE

BE and engineering constitute a wide scope of the science sector. Students who are interested in pursuing a career in engineering through a Bachelor of Engineering may also find an affinity for similar subjects such as-

  • Data Science
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine designing
  • Software designing
  • Coding
  • Robotics
  • Physical sciences
  • Materials Management
  • Metallurgy