Studying Agriculture

Eligibility, Courses, Specialisations, Syllabus, Scope

What is Agriculture?

Agriculture refers to the science and practice of soil and crop cultivation, the development of efficient farming techniques, livestock, animal rearing and husbandry. Agriculture supervises plant and animal cultivation and channelises natural energy for human use and consumption.


Undergraduate Agriculture Degrees Offered

Candidates aspiring towards a career in agriculture can opt for the following undergraduate degrees-


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Specialisations in Agriculture

Specializations offered in agriculture include the following- 

  • Agri-Business Management

  • Agriculture and Food Business

  • Agricultural Economics and Farm Management

  • Agricultural Engineering

  • Agroecology

  • Agronomy

  • Animal Husbandry

  • Agriculture Economics and Farm Management

  • Crop Production

  • Dairy Farming

  • Genetic Plant Breeding

  • Horticulture

  • Fisheries

  • Forestry

  • Livestock Production

  • Nematology

  • Plant Biotechnology

  • Plant Pathology

  • Poultry Farming

  • Seed Science

  • Sericulture

  • Soil and Water Management


Eligibility and Requirements for Agriculture

Students can enroll in agriculture colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling in agriculture programs and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognized Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks. 

  • Some colleges and courses like BSc/B Tech/BE require science subjects (PCM/PCB) as a compulsory requirement for applying to agriculture programs.


Admission Procedure for Agriculture Courses

The admission procedure for enrollment into agriculture colleges and courses is as follows-

  • Candidates applying for agriculture courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to appear for the respective entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.

  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counseling session for the respective colleges/entrances. 

  • In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.

  • Shortlisted candidates may then finalize their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Agriculture Entrance Tests

Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate agriculture courses include the following-

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination (ICAR AIEE)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)

  • The Maharashtra Council of Agriculture Education and Research Central Entrance Test (MCAER CET)- conducted by the Maharashtra Agriculture Universities Examination Board (MAUEB)

  • Indian Insitute of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati

  • Uttar Pradesh Combined Agriculture And Technology Entrance Test (UPCATET)- conducted by Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttar Pradesh

  • Rajasthan Joint Entrance Test (JET) for Agriculture- conducted by Agriculture University, Jodhpur

  • Chhattisgarh Pre-Agriculture Test (CG PAT)- conducted by the Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur


Aptitude for Agriculture

Students with an interest in plant health and cultivation will find agriculture to be the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for agriculture with the following criteria:

  • Management Skills

  • Organisational Skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Technological acumen

  • Time Management

  • Physical Stamina

  • Business Calibre


Top Agriculture Specialisations for the Future

The most promising and lucrative agriculture specializations to opt for are:

  • Genetic Plant Breeding/Farming

  • Alternative Irrigation

  • Plant Pathology

  • Plant Biotechnology

  • Agronomy

  • Animal Genetics

  • Forestry and Conservation

  • Agroecology

  • Agri-Business Management


Agriculture Subjects 

Agriculture courses comprise subjects and topics such as:

  • Engineering Mathematics/Physics/Chemistry/Mechanics

  • Agricultural Economics

  • Plant Biotechnology and Biochemistry

  • Agricultural Marketing

  • Crop Production Technologies

  • Electrical Machines and Power Utilization

  • Farm Machinery and Equipment

  • Soil and Fluid Mechanics

  • Remote Sensing & GIS Applications

  • Environment Control

  • Agronomy

  • Applied Mathematics

  • Environmental Studies


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Agriculture

After completing undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their agriculture study goal through postgraduate and research degrees. 

The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate degree in the specialization/course of choice from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.

Popular postgraduate degrees in agriculture include-


Important entrance exams for postgraduate agriculture courses include- 

  • Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- conducted by the Indian Institutes of Science (IISc) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)

  • Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati

  • Maharashtra Council of Agriculture Education and Research Common Entrance Test (MCAER PG CET)

  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)- conducted by JNU


Career Prospects/Placements in Agriculture

Agriculture is a promising study goal and offers several career avenues and job prospects in both the public and private sectors. Agriculture students receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programs organised by the training and placement cell. 

Popular and coveted career prospects in the agriculture sector include the following- 

  • Agriculture Officer 

  • Farmer

  • Forest Officer

  • Plant Geneticist

  • Horticulturalist 

  • Soil Engineer/Scientist 

  • Arborist

  • Fertiliser Scientist

  • Soil and Water Surveyor

  • Aquatic Ecologist

  • Poultry Farmer

  • Dairy Farmer

Besides jobs at public and private companies, agriculture graduates can also appear for government competitive exams such as UPSC and FCI for government jobs in agriculture. 


Starting Salaries in Agriculture

Starting salaries in agriculture range between 1 to 3 LPA, and can go as high as 15 LPA for experienced senior officials.

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