All about studying Education

Degrees, Specialisations, Eligibility, Entrance Tests, Top Colleges, Fees, Scholarships, Career Prospects

All about the stream: What is Education?

The education stream deals with the education and guidance of learners of varying group ages. Educators in this field are responsible for the formulation, review, creation, and implementation of pedagogical systems to teach students and adults the subject of their specialisation. 

The education sector is vast in its purview and includes educators from formative years to higher education; popular specialisations include ECCE, counselling, special education, adult education, and institutional administration.


Undergraduate Education Degrees Offered -

Undergraduate degrees offered for education include- 

  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in Education Management - 3 years

  • Bachelor of Education (B Ed) - 2 years 

  • Integrated B Ed (BA-B Ed, BSc-B Ed) - 4 years

  • Diploma - 6 months to 2 years

  • Library and Information Sciences - Bachelor of Library and Information Science (B Lib.I.Sc)

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Specialisations in Education -

  • Adult Education and Training - refers to education and training imparted to mature adults. Adult Education’s purpose is to provide learning opportunities for adults who lost the opportunity at formal education in their formative years and offers several continuing courses and functional/vocational education schemes to literate and non-literate adults.

    • Vocational Education | Continuing Education


  • Curriculum Development - refers to the process in which educators and teachers formulate the curriculum and syllabi for students of varying classes and age groups depending upon a variety of factors such as educational faculties and instruction levels.

    • Instructional Design and Technology | Curriculum and Instruction for Educators


  • Education Hons - is the three-year undergraduate (with honours) course which prepares students for a career in teaching and education. 

    • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) | Early Childhood Education (ECE) | Elementary Education | Pre-School Education | Nursery Teacher Training (NTT) | Primary Teacher’s Training (PTT) | Elementary Education | Secondary Education | English as a Second Language (ESL)


  • Higher/Post-Secondary Education and Research - refers to the educational training imparted to candidates aspiring to teach as professors and research specialists.


  • Leadership of Educational Organizations - implies the induction of candidates into the management and administration aspects of pedagogical institutions, preparing them to function in management roles such as principals, headmasters/mistresses, and deans.


  • Physical Education - refers to the instruction of students in the technical, physical, cognitive, and theoretical aspects of sports, exercises, and games. 

    • Physical Education | Physical Education Hons | Physical Education, Health Education and Sports


  • Special Education - refers to the education and training imparted to students and children with special needs and disabilities. Special Education training familiarises students with the communication and pedagogical strategies employed in the education of individuals with special needs to facilitate efficient and sensitised training.

    • Diploma in Education for Deaf | Speech Therapy


  • Yoga Education - refers to the training imparted in the spiritual and ascetic discipline of yoga to uplift the physical and mental well-being of school and college communities.

    • Yoga Hons


Eligibility and Requirements for Education -

The eligibility criteria for students aspiring towards an education degree are as follows -

  • Candidates must have passed their 10+2 examinations in any stream from a recognised board and school with a minimum of 50% marks.

  • Anyone holding a bachelor’s honours degree in the subject of their specialisation from a recognised university with a minimum percentage of 50%-60% can apply for B Ed courses in India. 

  • Some colleges have an age limit of 19-21 years, but there is usually no fixed upper age limit for B Ed courses in India.


Admission Procedure for Education Courses -

  • Admissions into B Ed programs are conducted on either a merit-based system or through entrance exam marks and ranks.

  • Candidates can qualify for merit-based admission after clearing the minimum eligibility to apply and meeting the cut-off marks issued by the concerned university/college. Merit may apply to graduation mars, 10+2 marks, or both.

  • For entrance-based admissions, candidates must register and appear for the entrance examination. After the publication of the results, candidates will be shortlisted and selected based on their scores and ranks in the entrance test. 

  • Shortlisted candidates may then finalize their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


Education Entrance Tests -

There are several state and institution-wise entrance tests held across the country for admission into B Ed courses, some of which include -

  • RIE CEE 

  • BHU B Ed Entrance Exam

  • DU B Ed Entrance Exam

  • Bihar B Ed

  • Telangana State Education Common Entrance Test (TS EDCET)

  • MAH (Maharashtra) B.Ed CET

  • Rajasthan Pre-Teacher Education Test (PTET)

  • AP (Andhra Pradesh) EDCET

  • UP (Uttar Pradesh) B Ed CET 

  • Dibrugarh University B Ed CET

B Ed entrance exams are divided into two papers. Each section carries equal weightage and is worth 50 marks:

Paper 1

Paper 1 consists of a mandatory Part A assessing the candidate’s general knowledge and language section in Part B in which candidates may choose between Hindi and English.

Paper 2

Paper 2 consists of a mandatory Part A assessing the candidate’s general aptitude and a subject ability test in Part B in which candidates may choose the topic of their specialisation. 

Entrance exam paper patterns may vary depending on the state, university, and specialisation in question. 


Top Colleges for Education Courses -

Some of the top colleges in India for Education and B Ed courses are as follows -


Aptitude for Education -

Students may gauge their aptitude for teaching with the following criteria:

  • Competency in the subject of teaching

  • Engaging classroom presence

  • Communicative skills

  • Staying updated on the newest research in the field

  • Leadership

  • Critical thinking

  • Organization and time management


Top Education Specialisations for the Future -

Some of the best and most lucrative education specialisations and career profiles for the future include -

  • Educational and Guidance Counsellor

  • Health Educator

  • English as Second Language (ESL)

  • Learning and Development Coordinator

  • Education Consultant/

  • Instructional Coordinator

  • Professor

  • Speech Specialist

  • Special Education Teacher

  • Superintendent/Administrator


Education Assessment -

B Ed programs in India span over two years and four semesters. Students are assessed on a grade-point average (GPA)/percentage basis through internal assessments and end-semester written exams. Before pursuing a B Ed course, candidates have to clear their undergraduate honours course in the subject of their choice, usually spanning over three to four years.

B Ed courses cover subjects like school subject pedagogies, critical understanding of ICT, drama, and art in education, inclusive school creation, gender, school and society, contemporary India and education, and language across the curriculum.

Besides written tests and evaluations to strengthen the theoretical understanding of their subject of choice and curriculum, B Ed students are also given practical in-classroom training to get acquainted with pedagogical techniques in classrooms with children from various linguistic, cognitive, economic, social, and cultural backgrounds.


Fees for Education Courses -

The average fee structure for B Ed in India ranges between 5,000 to 1 lakh rupees. The fee structure can vary depending on the university/college and course/specialization of choice. Part-time/correspondence B Ed courses have lower fees (within 10,000 rupees). 


Scholarships in Education -

Scholarships for education programs and teaching courses include -

  • National ICT Scholarship Award for School Teachers

  • Teach for India Scholarships

  • UGC Emeritus Fellowship

  • Fulbright Teaching Excellence and Achievement Program

  • Fulbright Distinguished Awards in Teaching Program

  • Fulbright-Nehru International Education Administrators Seminar

  • International Leaders in Education Program (ILEP) Fellowship

  • British Council Scholarships for English Teachers in India

  • CARE Rating Scholarship Scheme Vidyaasarathi Group

  • Vidyasaarathi MPCL Scholarship

  • Widow-Abandoned Chief Minister (B Ed) Sambal Yojana (for female candidates)


Internships/Industry Experience in Education -

Gaining in-class teaching experience through internships is a vital and often mandatory requirement for education students. Most colleges have Training and Placement (T&P) cells to help students gain industry experience through professional training sessions and internships. 

B Ed students must mandatorily attend school internship programs for in-class experience with students and to inculcate practical teaching aptitude, communication abilities, and soft skills. 

Before delving into school internships, first-year B Ed candidates have to participate in “pre-internship activities”, where they observe in-class teacher-student and teacher-parent interactions to inculcate a comprehension of classroom teaching techniques, and the school curricula and regulations. B Ed candidates have to prepare and submit an analytical report of their experience and skills learnt during the pre-internship activities. 

After completion of pre-internship training, B Ed candidates have to complete a mandatory full-time school internship where they will be involved first-hand in the school’s educational and extra-curricular programs and involve themselves in activities such as community service campaigns, student case studies, surveys, and research projects. Upon completion of the school internship, candidates have to submit reports of the internship and a reflective diary submission tracking the developments of each day. 


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Education -

  • Master's in Education (M Ed) with specialisations in Special Education 

  • Master’s and Doctoral Degree in relevant subject/specialisation

  • Master of Arts (MA) in Educational Planning and Administration | Career Guidance | Life Long Learning and Extension | Community Education and Development

  • M Sc in Mathematics Education (MME)

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Library Automation and Networking.

  • M Phil in Education | Educational Studies | Special Education | Physical Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Education

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Study Abroad Opportunities in Education -

Several foreign universities offer education and teaching programs, some of the popular ones being Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE), Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL), and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). 

Pursuing B Ed/other education and teaching courses abroad offer ample opportunities to become an educator in schools of that respective country. It is thus important for students to adequately research the country’s schooling system, the curricula followed, and the qualifications required before choosing a college and course. 

The leading colleges offering B Ed and other educational courses are as follows -

  • University College London, UK

  • Harvard University, USA

  • Stanford University, USA

  • University of Oxford, UK

  • University of Cambridge, UK

  • University of British Columbia, Canada

  • University of California, Berkeley, USA

  • Columbia University, USA

  • University of Toronto, Canada

  • University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR

Some of the best countries to teach in include China and South Korea for career availability and job perks, Thailand for non-native English educators, Spain for a balanced work-life structure, and the United Arab Emirates for high salaries. 


Career Prospects/Placements in Education -

After completing their education degrees, students may choose from various career prospects in public and private institutions depending on their specialisations. Some of the popular career prospects in education include:

  • Teacher

    • Pre-school

    • Middle-school

    • High/senior school

  • Special Education Teacher

  • Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO)

  • Speed Specialist

  • Tutor

  • Education Consultant

  • Professor/lecturer (higher education)

  • Educational Administrator

  • School Superintendent

  • Instructional Coordinator

  • Learning and Developmental Coordinator

  • NGOs (Public Service Work)

  • Counsellor

  • Curriculum Developer

  • Career Counsellor/Adviser

  • Principal/Director/Head of Departments

  • Director of Operations


Starting Salaries in Education -

The average starting salaries for educators and teachers range between 2-4 LPA. 

Salaries vary with job profiles, educational qualifications, level of teaching, sector (public or private), and also cities and states. A school teacher’s average salary in India ranges between 3-9 LPA, while that for a college/university professor or lecturer ranges between 6–18 LPA. An educator’s salary will increase proportionally to their educational qualifications. 

Institutional administrators, school superintendents, principals, professors, high school teachers, and instructional coordinators are some of the most lucrative career profiles in the education sector. 


Subjects Similar to Education -

Candidates interested in pursuing a career in education may also consider the following streams and subjects -

  • Counselling and Psychology

  • Social Services

  • Academia and Research

  • Physical Education/Sports Coaching

  • Speech Therapy

  • Childcare

  • Event Planning

  • Corporate Training


Education FAQs -

Which is the highest-paying career in the education sector?

University administration and school superintendency are a few of the highest-paying career specialisations in the education sector. Other lucrative education career profiles include college/university professors, principals, instructional coordinators, special education teachers, and high school teachers. 

What qualifications are required to be a government teacher in India?

The basic qualifications to work as a government teacher in India include acquiring a B Ed degree with graduation in any subject (preferably the subject they will teach), a master's degree in the subject of their choice for teaching in higher-secondary classes, and clearing the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) / Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) / State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET) exams. 

Can a teacher apply for administration jobs?

Yes, a teacher can apply for administration jobs. Most school administration jobs require a minimum of two to three years of teaching experience and a licensed teaching degree; specific requirements for administrators vary according to the institution’s guidelines. 

Is an M.Phil./doctorate compulsory for higher education jobs?

A doctorate (PhD) degree has been compulsory for higher education positions such as assistant professorship. However, the University Grants Council (UGC) mandated in 2022 that PhDs are no longer mandatory for teaching in central universities to allow experienced industry professionals to impart their knowledge. The UGC aims to create new designations for educators without PhDs such as Professors/Associate Professors of Practice.

Though previously mandatory for pursuing a Ph.D, the M Phil degree is no longer a compulsory requirement for acquiring a doctorate. However, acquiring an M Phil degree can be valuable for aspiring doctorate applicants and adds to the educational qualifications of the student. 

Candidates have to appear for and clear the National Eligibility Test (UGC-NET) to qualify for doctoral and research programs. 

Can I get into teaching from another stream?

A professional from any stream can work in the education sector as long as they have the required educational qualifications in their subject and specialisation and have an impetus to propagate the knowledge and industry skills they have acquired over the years. There are also education careers as freelance educators and tutors and several teaching jobs in the non-profit (NGO) sector which have less strict qualification restrictions.