Mathematics is the study of numbers, structures, shapes, spaces, quantities, and formulas. Mathematics is an integral aspect of science and logic and is applied to several other streams and disciplines such as engineering, architecture, computer science, actuary, and statistics.
Mathematics comprises specializations depending on its area of use, such as financial mathematics, statistical mathematics, computational mathematics, and applied mathematics.
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Candidates aspiring towards a career in Mathematics can opt for the following undergraduate degrees -
Bachelor of Science (BSc) - 3 years
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Bachelor of Arts (BA) - 3 years
Bachelor of Statistics (B Stat) - 3 years
Undergraduate Diploma
Certificate Courses
Specializations offered in mathematics include the following -
Applied Mathematical Computing
Applied Mathematics
Applied Mathematics and Statistics
Computational Mathematics
Financial Mathematics
Mathematics and Computer Science
Mathematics and Computing
Mathematics and Data Science
Mathematics and Economics
Mathematics and Scientific Computing
Mathematics, Computer Science, Electronics
Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistics
Mathematics, Economics, Statistics
Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry
Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science
Mathematics, Physics, Electronics
Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science
Mathematics, Statistics, Data Sciences
Probability
Pure Mathematics
Statistical Mathematics
Topological Mathematics
Students can enrol in mathematics colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows -
Candidates enrolling in mathematics courses and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognized Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50-55% marks.
Candidates from any stream (Science/Commerce/Humanities) can apply who have Mathematics as a compulsory subject at the 10+2 level.
Candidates applying for BSc Mathematics must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.
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The admission procedure for mathematics colleges and courses in India is as follows -
Candidates applying for mathematics courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to apply for admissions/entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations, if applicable, by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counseling session for the respective colleges/entrances. Some colleges also have group discussions and private interviews (GD/PI) for further screening of candidates.
In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.
Shortlisted candidates may finalise their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.
Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate mathematics courses include the following -
Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-UG) - conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)/DU Joint Admission Test (JAT) - conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) - conducted by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University - Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS)
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Admission Test (IAT) - conducted by IISER
Christ University Entrance Test (CUET) - conducted by Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru
National Test for Programs After Twelfth (NPAT) - conducted by the SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai
Students with an interest in numbers and solving problems will find mathematics the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for mathematics with the following criteria -
Analytical and critical thinking
Strong mathematics foundation
Numeracy
Problem-solving skills
Organisational skills
Logical reasoning
Quantitative reasoning
Spatial understanding
Time management
Teamwork
Mathematics courses comprise subjects and topics such as -
Algebra
Differential Calculus
Integral Calculus
Probability
Statistics
Polynomial Approximation
Linear Programming
Sets and Functions
Geometry and Spaces
Discrete Mathematics
Data Analysis
Analytic Number Theory
Logic
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Mathematics is an immensely applied subject across numerous streams and disciplines and science has diverse prospects. Top mathematics specializations for the future include -
Commercial Surveying
Actuary
Cryptography
Mathematics with Economics
Computation
Accounts
Mathematical Data Analysis
Operations Research
Chaos Theory
Financial Mathematics
Scientific Indexing
After completing their undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their mathematics study goals through postgraduate and research degrees.
The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate mathematics degree in the specialization/course of choice from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.
Popular postgraduate degrees in mathematics include -
Master of Science (MSc) - 2 years
Master of Arts (MA) - 2 years
Master of Statistics (M Stat) - 2 years
Post-graduate Diploma - 9 months to 2 years
Master of Philosophy (M Phil) - 2 years
Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)
Important entrance exams for admission into postgraduate mathematics programmes include -
Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG) - conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG) - conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM) - conducted by IIT Guwahati
Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE) - conducted by JNU
Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET) - conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) - conducted by BITS Pilani
National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) - conducted by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS)
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Admission Test (IAT) - conducted by IISER
Mathematics is a promising study goal and a highly coveted stream in the sciences. Mathematics offers several career avenues and job prospects in the public and private sectors. Mathematics graduates receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programs organized by the training and placement cell.
Popular and coveted career prospects in Mathematics include the following -
Statistician
Actuarial Manager
Mathematician (Research Scientist)
Numerical Analyst
Accountant
Data Scientist
Computer Programmer
Cryptanalyst
Business Analyst
Demographer
Starting salaries in mathematics range between INR 4 to 9 LPA, and can go as high as 50 to 70 LPA for experienced senior technicians.
Candidates with a propensity for mathematics might be interested in similar subjects like -
Computer Science
Statistics
Commerce
Engineering
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