B.Tech-Eligibility, Entrance Exam, Specialisations

Discover all the information you need about B.Tech including the list of the top Engineering Colleges in India

What is B Tech?

B Tech or “Bachelor of Technology” is a four-year professional undergraduate degree awarded to students pursuing various streams and specialisations in engineering and technology. A Bachelor of Technology is a technical, skill-based degree of engineering studies which prepares students to apply their engineering knowledge in practical real-life situations and covers all scientific and mathematical principles to invent, design, build, and test various structures, processes, machines, and engines.

Specialisations in B Tech

Bachelor of Technology comprises a gamut of specialisations depending upon the sector of work:

  • Acoustic/Sound Engineering 
  • Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering
    • Aeronautics | Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics | Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering| Aerospace Propulsion | Aerodynamic Fluid Flow | Guidance, Navigation, and Control | Propulsion and Combustion
  • Agriculture and Food Engineering 
    • Food Engineering and Technology | Food Process Engineering | Food Processing and Quality Control | Food Technology and Bio-chemical Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
    • Automobile Engineering (Electric Vehicle) | Automotive Design Engineering | Automotive Engineering | E-Vehicles & Autonomous Vehicles | Electric Vehicles Engineering | Electrical Engineering-Electric Vehicle
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineering 
    • Artificial Intelligence and Data Science | Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning | Automation and Artificial Intelligence | Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality
  • Biotechnology/Biomedical Engineering 
    • Bioengineering | Biological Engineering | Biological Sciences and Bio-Engineering | Biotechnology and Bioinformatics | Biomedical Design Engineering | Prosthetics & Orthotics
  • Chemical Engineering 
    • Refining and Petrochemicals | Chemical Science & Technology | Oils, Oleochemicals and Surfactants Technology | Surface Coating Technology | Materials Science and Engineering | Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering | Polymer and Coating Technology | Polymer Engineering and Technology | Rubber and Plastic Technology | Ceramic Engineering/Technology
  • Civil Engineering
    • Civil and Infrastructure Engineering | Civil Engineering (Construction Engineering & Management) | Civil-Irrigation Water Management
  • Computer Science Engineering
    • Computational Engineering | Computer Science & Communication Engineering | Computer Science & Systems Engineering | Computer Science and Engineering and Business Systems | Computer Science and Engineering (Artificial Learning and Machine Learning) | Computer Science and Engineering (Bioinformatics) | Computer Science and Engineering (Block Chain Technology) | Computer Science and Engineering (Information Security) | Computer Science and Engineering (Internet of Things) | Computer Science and Engineering with Telecom Informatics | Computer Science and Information Technology | Computer Science Engineering (Data Science) | Computer Science Engineering (Big Data) | Computer Science Engineering (Computational Sustainability) | Computer Science Engineering (IT Infrastructure) 
  • Construction Engineering 
  • Data Science Engineering
    • Data Science and Cyber Forensic | Data Analytics | Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence Hons | Artificial Intelligence and Data Science
  • Electronics and Communications Engineering (ECE)
    • Communication Engineering | Electronics and Communication (VLSI Design) | Electronics and Communication with Biomedical Engineering | Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE)
    • Electrical and Computer Engineering| Electrical and Computer Science Engineering | Electrical Engineering (Power and Automation) | Electronic Science | Electronics and Computer Engineering | Electronics and Computer Engineering (with AI & ML) | Electronics and Control System Engineering | Electronics and Instrumentation | Electronics Instrumentation | Electronic Media | Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering | Medical Electronics Engineering | Power Engineering | Power Control and Drives | Power Electronics and Drive   
  • Environmental Engineering
    • Sustainable Energy Management | Sustainable Development | Energy Science and Engineering | Renewable Sustainability Engineering | Solar Engineering and Management | Solar and Alternate Energy
  • Industrial Engineering and Management
    • Industrial Fish and Fisheries | Industrial Heavy Machinery | Industrial Internet of Things
  • Information Technology (IT Engineering)
    • Information System Management | CSE DevOps | IT & ITES | Internet of Things | Internet Of Things and Cyber Security including BlockChain Technology | Software Development | Software Engineering
  • Instrumentation and Control Engineering (ICE)
    • Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Marine Engineering 
    • Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Mechanical Engineering 
    • Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering | Mechanical and Automation Engineering | Mechanical Engineering (Digital Manufacturing) | Mechanical Engineering (Automotive) | Mechanical Engineering (Manufacturing) | Mechatronics Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering 
    • Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering 
    • Nuclear Medicine Technology
  • Petroleum/Petrochemical Engineering 
    • Applied Petroleum Engineering Gas stream | Applied Petroleum Engineering Upstream
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology
  • Product Engineering
    • Product and Industrial | Product Design | Production Design | Production Technology
  • Robotics Engineering
    • Robotics and 3D Printing | Robotics and Automation | Automation and Robotics | Embedded Systems & Robotics
  • Telecommunications Engineering
    • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering | Information Science and Telecommunication | Computer Science and Engineering with Telecom Informatics
  • Advanced Materials and Nano Technology
  • Advanced Networking and Cyber Security
  • Cloud Computing | Cloud Computing and Virtualization Technology | Cloud Technology and Information Security
  • Dairy Technology
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Science
  • Mining/Mining Machinery Engineering
  • Printing Engineering and Technology

B Tech Eligibility and Requirements

Students can enrol in Bachelor of Technology programmes after appearing for engineering entrance exams held across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling on Bachelor of Technology entrances and programmes must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks. 
  • Candidates must have opted for the Science stream with English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.

B Tech Admission Procedure

The admission procedure for a Bachelor of Technology is as follows-

  • Candidates applying for Bachelor of Technology programmes must qualify for the minimum eligibility to appear for engineering entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the JEE entrance/other examinations by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the JoSAA counselling session for the respective colleges/entrances. 
  • Shortlisted candidates may finalise their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.

B Tech Entrance Tests

Most Bachelor of Technology courses in India require clearing entrance exams for admission. Various entrance tests are conducted on the central, state, and university levels for admission into Bachelor of Technology programmes in engineering and technology colleges across India. 

Some important entrance tests for pursuing B Tech programmes in India include the following-

  • Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) Mains- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), for admission into B Tech programmes hosted by engineering colleges across the country (31 NITs, 25 IIITs and 28 GFTIs)
  • Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) Advanced- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), for admission into B Tech programmes hosted by the Indian Institutes of Technology (23 IITs)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)- conducted by BITS Pilani
  • Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE)- conducted by (VIT)
  • SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEE)- conducted by SRM Institute of Science and Technology
  • Manipal Entrance Test (MET)- conducted by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE)
  • West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEE)- conducted by the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board, for admission into B Tech programmes hosted by engineering colleges in West Bengal
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination (KIITEE)- conducted by KIIT
  • State Common Entrance Test Cell, Mumbai (MHCET)- conducted by Directorate of Technical Education, Government of Maharashtra, for admission into engineering colleges in Maharashtra
  • The Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka Under Graduate Entrance Test (COMEDK UGET)- conducted by COMEDK, for admission into B Tech programmes hosted by engineering colleges in Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test (TANCET)- conducted by Anna University, for admission into B Tech programmes hosted by engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu

Aptitude for B Tech

Students interested in solving technical problems and inventing new systems may find a Bachelor of Technology the ideal degree to pursue. Students may gauge their aptitude for engineering with the following criteria:

  • Proficiency in mathematics and science
  • Problem-solving skills 
  • Mechanical knowledge and reasoning
  • Logical and diagrammatic reasoning
  • Spatial awareness
  • Technical skills and understanding
  • Creativity and innovation

B Tech Subjects

Some subjects such as the ones listed below are common to most Bachelor of Technology programmes. In addition to these, candidates are also taught specialisation-specific subjects, inter-departmental subjects, skill-developmental subjects, and general elective subjects. Topics covered in B Tech include-

  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Computer Programming
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Electronics
  • Environmental Studies
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Thermodynamic Principles
  • Data Structures
  • Theory of Machines
  • Control Systems
  • Machine Design
  • Circuit Design
  • Hydraulics
  • Industrial Automation
  • Instrumentation
  • Structural Analysis
  • Concrete Structures
  • Microprocessors
  • Labwork

Top B Tech Specialisations for the Future

The most sought-after and lucrative Bachelor of Technology specialisations to opt for in the future are-

  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics/Communication Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineering

Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities after B Tech

After completing undergraduate engineering with a Bachelor of Technology, students may opt for higher education with master's/PhD degrees. Here are a few postgraduate study and research opportunities in India after a Bachelor of Technology-

  • Masters of Technology (M Tech)
  • Master of Engineering (M E)
  • Master of Science (MSc)
  • Masters in Engineering Management
  • Masters of Business Administration (MBA) or Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM)  in Engineering management
  • Postgraduate certificate courses in relevant specializations
  • M Phil in Engineering
  • PhD (Doctorate) in Engineering

Popular entrance examinations held across India to offer admission into postgraduate engineering courses include the following–

  • The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
  • IIT Delhi M Tech Entrance Exam
  • International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Postgraduate Entrance Examination (IITH PGEE)
  • SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam, Postgraduate (SRMJEEE PG)
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education Online Entrance Test (MET M.Tech.) 
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru University (JNU) conducts its Common Entrance Exam for M Tech (JNU CEE M Tech)
  • Post Graduation Common Entrance Tests (PGCET) for respective Indian states

Career prospects/Placements

Bachelor of Technology is one of the most sought-after professional degrees in India and abroad. Acquiring a Bachelor of Technology degree opens several avenues and career prospects in the public and private sectors. B Tech graduates are offered placement opportunities by their college’s Training And Placement (T&P) cells from their final/penultimate year. Top engineering companies recruiting from leading engineering institutions in India include:

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL)
  • Engineers India Ltd.
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited
  • ISRO
  • Cummins India Ltd.
  • Infosys
  • Tata Consultancy (TCS)
  • Reliance Industries
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Hindalco

Some of the leading international companies offering placements in Indian engineering institutes include:

  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Deloitte
  • Apple
  • Accenture
  • IBM
  • Morgan Stanley
  • NASA
  • Goldman Sachs
  • Cognizant

After completing Bachelor of Technology degrees, students may choose from a wide array of career prospects depending on their specializations. Some of the popular and lucrative career prospects in engineering and technology include:

  • Computer Scientist/Engineer
  • Data Scientist
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Software Developer
  • Aerospace Engineer

Starting Salaries after B Tech

The average starting salaries for Bachelor of Technology graduates range between INR 4 to 6 LPA, and can go as high as INR 1 crore LPA for senior experienced engineers. 

Subjects Similar to B Tech

Bachelor of Technology and engineering constitute a wide scope of the science and technology sector. Students who are interested in pursuing a career in engineering through Bachelor of Technology may also find an affinity for similar subjects such as-

  • Data Science
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine designing
  • Software designing
  • Coding
  • Robotics
  • Physical sciences
  • Materials Management
  • Metallurgy