B.Sc - Specialisations, Syllabus, Scope

Specialisations, Courses, Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Admissions & Scope

What is B.Sc?

B.Sc stands for “Bachelor of Science” and is a three-year undergraduate degree awarded to students pursuing science studies. A Bachelor of Science degree covers both, non-medical and medical sciences and covers the study of scientific principles and practical concepts to increase understanding of the workings of the universe and implement those concepts to produce useful products and commodities.

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Specialisations in B.Sc

Specialisations in Bachelor of Science degrees include the following-

  • Actuarial Science
  • Agriculture
  • Biochemistry
    • Bio-Chemistry | Bio-Chemistry Hons | Biochemistry and Biophysics | Biochemistry, Microbiology, Bioinformatics | Biochemistry, Microbiology, Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Bioinformatics
    • Bioinformatics, Statistics, Computer Science | Biochemistry, Microbiology, Bioinformatics
  • Biology
    • Biological Science Hons | Biological Sciences | Bio-Medical Sciences | Biomedical Sciences | Biophysics Hons | Bio-sciences | Molecular Medicine and Stem Cell Technologies | Computational Biology | Plant Biology and Biotechnology | Nanotechnology, Chemistry, Computational Biology | Life Sciences Hons
  • Biotechnology
    • Biotechnology Hons | Biotechnology, Biochemistry, and Genetics | Biotechnology, Chemistry and Botany | Biotechnology, Chemistry and Zoology | Biotechnology, Chemistry, and Microbiology | Biotechnology and Chemistry | Biotechnology and Microbiology | Molecular Biology and Biotechnology | Plant Biology and Biotechnology
  • Botany
    • Chemistry, Botany and Zoology
  • Chemistry
    • Chemical Sciences | Analytical Chemistry | Chemistry Hons | Chemistry, Botany and Zoology
  • Computer Science and Application
    • Computer Science | Computer Science Hons | Computer Application | Computer Applications Hons | Computer Maintenance and Repair | Advanced Operating System | Communication and Networks | Computer Network and Cyber Security | Computer Networks and Cyber Secutity | Computer Science (Artificial Intelligence and Data Analytics) | Computer Science (Artificial Intelligence) | Computer Science & Communication Engineering | Computer Science & Systems Engineering | Computer Science and Business Systems | Computer Science and Coding Practices | Computer Science and Design | Computer Science and Engineering  and Business Systems | Computer Science and Engineering (Artificial Learning and Machine Learning) | Computer Science and Engineering (Bioinformatics) | Computer Science and Engineering (Block Chain Technology) | Computer Science and Engineering (Information Security) | Computer Science and Engineering (Internet of Things) | Computer Science and Engineering with Telecom Informatics | Computer Science and Information Technology | Computer Science and Mathematics | Computer Science and Technology | Computer Science Cloud Computing | Computer Science Cyber Security | Computer Science Data Science | Computer Science Game Design and Development | Computer Science System & Network Administration | Computer Science Technology | Computer Science, Mathematics, Electronics | Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics | Computer Science, Statistics and Mathematics | Computer Science and Mathematics | Control and Automation | Cryptography & Network Security | Cyber-Physical Systems | Full Stack Development | Game Design & Development | Gaming Technology | System & Network Administration | Virtualization Technology | Computer science and Electronics
  • Economics
  • Family and Community Sciences
    • Family and Community Sciences in Dietetics | Family and Community Sciences in Extension and Communication | Family and Community Sciences in Fashion Designing | Family and Community Sciences in Food Science and Public Health Nutrition | Family and Community Sciences in Food Science and Quality Control | Family and Community Sciences in Hospitality Management | Family and Community Sciences in Human Development and Family Studies
  • Forestry
  • Geography
  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Materials Science
  • Microbiology
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
    • Nanoscience Hons | Nanotechnology | Nanotechnology, Chemistry, Computational Biology
  • Neurosciences and Neurotechnology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Clinical Dietetics | Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics | Clinical Nutrition Hons | Nutrition | Nutrition and Dietetics | Nutrition and Dietetics Hons | Nutrition and Dietetics, Chemistry and Zoology | Nutrition Hons
  • Physics
    • Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics | Physics Hons | Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science | Physics (Specialization in Electronics) | Physics, Mathematics, Electronics
  • Psychology
  • Radiology
  • Statistics
    • Econometrics | Statistics | Statistics and Accounting | Statistics and Data Science | Statistics Hons | Applied Statistics and Analytics
  • Zoology
    • Zoology Hons | Zoology, Biology and Chemistry Hons | Chemistry, Botany and Zoology


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Eligibility and Requirements for B.Sc

The eligibility criteria for enrolling on Bachelor of Science programmes are as follows-

  • Candidates enrolling must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks. 
  • Candidates must have opted for the Science stream with English, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry (Biology if applicable) as compulsory subjects. Other compulsory subjects depend on the specialisation selected by the candidate.


B.Sc Admission Procedure 

The official procedure for admission into Bachelor of Science is as follows-

  • Colleges and universities across India admit candidates to Bachelor of Science programmes either on the basis of a centralised/university-specific entrance exam or on a merit basis. Candidates can apply for admission into science courses by meeting the minimum eligibility requirements, registering in the online portal, and submitting the required documents and registration fees.
  • After appearing for entrance exams (if applicable), candidates will be shortlisted based on their test scores, ranks and merit lists in counselling sessions for the respective colleges and entrances. In case of merit-based admission, candidates will be shortlisted on the basis of their 10+2 scores. Some colleges also conduct additional Group Discussion (GD) and Private Interview (PI) rounds for further screening of candidates.
  • After the allocation of seats, shortlisted candidates may finalise their admission at the concerned colleges by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.


B.Sc Entrance Tests

Some Bachelor of Science programmes require clearing entrance tests to qualify for admission. Some of the important entrances offering admission into Bachelor of Science programmes include the following-

  • Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-UG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Delhi University Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses (DUET-UG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)- conducted by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University - Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS), Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Aptitude Test (IISERAT) Entrance Exam- conducted by IISER
  • Presidency University Bachelor Degree Entrance Test (PUBDET)- conducted by Presidency University 
  • Gitam Insitute of Science-General Science Admission Test (Gitam-GSAT)- conducted by Gitam Insitute of Science 
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research’s All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA-UG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
  • Odhisa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT) Entrance Exam- conducted by the Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology


Aptitude for B.Sc

Candidates can gauge their aptitude for Bachelor of Science with the following requirements-

  • Analytical skills
  • Mathematical proficiency 
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Spirit of Enquiry
  • Clarity in thinking 
  • Innovative outlook
  • Rational Thinking 
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Research skills
  • Knowledge of relevant technologies, hardware, and software systems


B.Sc Subjects

Bachelor of Science course subjects largely depend upon the specialisation chosen by the student and vary from one specialisation to another as the subjects are focused on the stream’s core subjects. 

For instance-

  • BSc in Physics comprises subjects such as Mechanics, Electricity, Magnetism, Kinetic Theory, and Particle Physics.
  • BSc in Chemistry comprises subjects such as Atomic Structure, Organic Compounds, Structure and Bonding, Chemical Kinetics, Catalysis, and Periodic Properties.
  • BSc in Mathematics comprises subjects such as Algebra, Calculus, Linear Programming, Matrices, Statistics, and Probability.


Also Read:
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Top BSc Specialisations for the Future

A Bachelor of Science is a promising degree to pursue in a world rapidly advancing through scientific progress. Here are the top Bachelor of Science specialisations likely to be in demand in the future-

  • Robotics
  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Computer Science
  • Cybersecurity 
  • Big Data
  • Astrophysics
  • Forensic Science 
  • Ethical Hacking
  • Actuarial Science
  • Biochemistry and Biophysics
  • Health Information Technology 


Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities after B.Sc

After completing a Bachelor of Science degree, students may opt for higher education in the sciences with Masters/PhD degrees. Here are a few postgraduate study and research opportunities after BSc in India:

  • Master of Science (M Sc)- 2 years
  • Master of Computer Application (MCA)- 2 years
  • Post-graduate Diploma- 9 months to 2 years
  • Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in science disciplines- 9 months to 2 years
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in science disciplines


Important entrance exams conducted for admission into postgraduate and research courses in science in India include-

  • Common Universities Entrance Test for Postgraduate Courses (CUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency
  • Indian Institute of Technology Joint Admission Test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai-Graduate School Entrance (TISR GS)- conducted by TISR
  • Coimbatore Institute Of Technology (CIT) Integrated MSc CET- conducted by CIT
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research’s All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA (PG))- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)


Career prospects/Placements after B.Sc

Bachelor of Science graduates can find an expansive variety of jobs in the pure sciences/medical sector. BSc graduates generally receive placement offers from their final/penultimate year through the college’s Training And Placement (T&P) cell.

Some of the popular and lucrative career prospects after a Bachelor of Science include:

  • Research Scientist
  • Medical professional
  • Data Scientist 
  • Chemist
  • Physicist
  • Biologist/Biochemist
  • Pharmacist
  • Microbiologist
  • Computer Engineer
  • Technician


Starting Salaries after B.Sc

The average starting salaries for Bachelor of Science graduates range between INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum and can go as high as 30 LPA for senior professionals. 


Similar Subjects

Candidates interested in pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree may also be interested in similar subjects like-

  • Home Science
  • Psychology
  • Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical 
  • Forensic Technology
  • Nutrition
  • Engineering
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Physiology
  • Geosciences
  • Statistics
  • Economics
  • Architecture
  • Aeronautics
  • Aerospace
  • Data Analysis


Read more about the other top science colleges in major states of India:
Top Science Colleges in Karnataka
Top Science Colleges in West Bengal
Top Science Colleges in Tamil Nadu 
Top Science Colleges in Maharashtra