LLB - Eligibility, Specialisations, Scope

Discover all the information you need about LLB including the list of the top Colleges offering Law Degrees in India

Want to Study Law? 

Bachelor of Laws [LLB], is an undergraduate degree in law. In India, it is a popular course pursued by students who aspire to have a career in the legal field. LLB is ideally a three-year postgraduate degree program in India only after completing an undergraduate degree in any discipline from a recognised university. 

However, it's important to note that there is also a five-year integrated LLB program available for students who have completed their higher secondary education (12th grade) that can be pursued with dual degrees like:


What are the Eligibility Criteria to Study Law?

They need to attain a certain percentage in the law school admission exam they wish to appear for. This percentage will vary from one institution to another. To pursue the five-year LLB students need to complete their school education with a minimum of 45% in their board exams. Admission to LLB programs in India is usually done through entrance exams conducted at the national, state, or university level. 

Some of the popular entrance exams for LLB include:

1. Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

2. All India Bar Examination (AIBE)

3. All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)

4. Law School Admission Test for India (LSAT India)

5. National Law School Admissions Test (NLSAT)

6. NMIMS Law Aptitude Test (NMIMS-LAT)

7. Army Institute of Law Entrance Test (AIL LET)

8. Indian Law Institute Common Admission Test (ILI CAT)

Read More:
Top Law Colleges in India

What is the Course Structure of LLB in India?

The LLB curriculum in India covers various aspects of law, including constitutional law, criminal law, civil law, corporate law, administrative law, international law, and more. The program includes both theoretical knowledge and practical training through moot court sessions, internships, and legal research projects.


What Specialisations can be practised out of LLB?

In some universities, LLB students can choose to specialise in specific areas of law during their course. Popular specialisations include :

  • Criminal Law

  • Corporate Law

  • Intellectual property Law

  • Family Law

  • Labour Law

  • Taxation Law

  • Human Rights Law

  • Property Law 

  • International Law

  • Environmental Law

  • Constitutional Law 

  • Women and Law


What are the Career Opportunities/ Professions of LLB students? 

After completing an LLB degree in India, graduates can pursue various career paths. Some common career options include working as a lawyer in a law firm, joining the judiciary as a judge, working in legal departments of corporate organisations, becoming legal advisors or consultants, working for government agencies, or pursuing further studies like a Master's degree (LLM) or Ph.D. in law.

The Bar Council of India is the regulatory body for legal education and the legal profession in India. To practice law in India, it is mandatory to be enrolled with the State Bar Council after completing an LLB degree and clearing the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the BCI to position fit themselves in any of the following professions:


1. Criminal Lawyer

2. Corporate Lawyer

3. Judicial Services

4. Legal Journalist

5. Legal Analyst

6. Civil Lawyer

7. Legal Advisor

8. Advocate 

9. Litigation Lawyer 

10. Solicitor 

11. Legal Researcher 

12. Public Prosecutor 

13. Legal Journalist 

14. Lecturer

15. Public Prosecutor 


What are the top Colleges to pursue LLB?

It's important to note that the specific details of the LLB degree may vary across universities and states in India. It's advisable to research the specific requirements and regulations of the universities or institutions you are interested in for pursuing an LLB degree.

Explore other top-ranked Institutes in India: NLUs

What Aptitude skills are required to be a good Lawyer? 

Lawyers must be able to analyse complex information, identify key issues, and develop logical arguments. Enhancing your analytical skills will help you examine cases, statutes, and legal precedents effectively.

Lawyers need to communicate clearly and persuasively, both in writing and orally. Developing strong written and verbal communication skills will enable you to present your arguments convincingly, negotiate effectively, and build rapport with clients and colleagues. Lawyers must have strong critical thinking abilities to evaluate different perspectives, assess the strengths and weaknesses of arguments, and make sound judgments. This skill is essential for legal analysis and problem-solving. Legal professionals spend significant time researching case law, statutes, regulations, and legal opinions. Developing efficient research skills will help you find relevant information, evaluate sources, and stay updated on legal developments. Paying meticulous attention to detail is crucial in the legal field. Lawyers must carefully review contracts, legal documents, and evidence to identify potential pitfalls or inconsistencies that could affect a case.

Lawyers often handle multiple cases simultaneously and work under strict deadlines. Effective time management skills will enable you to prioritize tasks, meet deadlines, and maintain productivity amidst a heavy workload. Lawyers frequently engage in negotiations, whether it's with clients, opposing counsel, or settlement discussions. Developing negotiation skills will help you advocate for your client's interests and achieve favourable outcomes. Lawyers are problem solvers by nature. Cultivate your ability to think creatively, find innovative solutions, and anticipate potential challenges to better serve your clients. Lawyers interact with clients from diverse backgrounds and navigate sensitive situations. Developing emotional intelligence will enable you to empathize with clients, build trust, and handle challenging conversations with professionalism.

  • Logical Reasoning

  • Good Intellect 

  • Coherent Communication 

  • Research Skills 

  • Observation Skills 

  • A good judge of character 

  • Confidence 

  • Presentation Skills 

  • Persuasion Skills

Also Read:
List of Law Colleges in Delhi NCR | Kolkata

What are the Subjects similar to Bachelor of Law(LLB)?


  • Criminal Justice: This subject delves into the study of crime, law enforcement, criminal behaviour, and the criminal justice system. It explores topics such as criminology, criminal law, corrections, forensic science, and criminal procedure.


  • Political Science: Political science involves the study of government structures, political systems, public policies, and political behaviour. It often examines the relationship between law and politics, constitutional law, international law, and human rights.


  • International Relations: This subject focuses on the study of relationships between countries, international organizations, and global issues. It often includes courses on international law, diplomacy, global governance, and international human rights.


  • Public Administration: Public administration is concerned with the implementation and management of public policies and government operations. It covers topics such as administrative law, public policy analysis, organizational behaviour, and public finance.


  • Business or Corporate Law: This subject concentrates on legal issues related to business transactions, corporate governance, contract law, intellectual property, commercial law, and international business law.


  • Legal Research and Writing: This subject focuses on developing strong research, writing, and communication skills necessary for legal practice. It covers legal research methods, legal writing techniques, and case analysis.


  • Human Rights: Human rights courses examine the theory and practice of human rights law, international humanitarian law, and the protection of individual liberties and freedoms.