Advertisement

Home / India / Automobile industry pain spreads to villages

Automobile industry pain spreads to villages

These are hard times for an area dependent on the fortunes of companies like Maruti Suzuki
Newly manufactured Maruti Suzuki cars are seen parked inside the company factory in Manesar near Gurugram, on Wednesday, Sept 4, 2019

Reuters   |   Manesar   |   Published 04.09.19, 09:59 PM

The narrow lanes in Aliyar and Kasan villages in Manesar, an automotive manufacturing hub on New Delhi’s southern outskirts, would usually be packed on Sundays with migrant workers employed at the nearby plants enjoying their day off, but not any more.

These are hard times for an area dependent on the fortunes of companies like Maruti Suzuki, the carmaker with the largest market share in India, and motorbike maker Honda Motor Co’s local unit. The auto and component makers in and around Manesar have shed thousands of jobs.

Nationwide, according to industry estimates, automakers, component manufacturers and dealers have laid off about 350,000 workers since the start of the year, in response to plunging car sales. Figures for August, like July, are expected to show a drop of more than 30 per cent, making a 10th straight month of decline.

As the crisis in the sector bites harder, small businesses in the towns and villages around Manesar, home to one of the three plants where Maruti Suzuki cars are made, have seen a fall-off in trade.

“There are already fewer workers in the village and those who still have jobs are either not getting paid for working overtime or are not spending much out of fear they may lose work and need the money,” said grocer Rahul Jain, his shelves stacked with toothpaste and soaps.

Even sales of products like cooking oil and flour have fallen. On the lower rungs of the service sector, barbers and tea stall owners said they had fewer customers.

Shoe seller Subhay Singh, in Manesar’s Aliyar village, has days when he doesn’t make a single sale.

“My monthly earnings have halved,” said Singh, who a year ago made an average Rs 8,000 a day. “I don’t know what’s happening.”

In the US there was an old adage: “When General Motors sneezes, the Wall Street catches a cold.”

In India, the impact goes well beyond the stock market.

India’s automotive industry is the fourth largest in the world, employing more than 35 million people, directly and indirectly, and accounting for nearly half of India’s manufacturing output.

The industry has three main centres; Gurgaon in the north, Chennai in the south, where among others Ford Motor and Hyundai Motor have plants, and Pune in the west, where Tata Motors and Fiat are located.

All of them are hurting, and the pain is radiating outwards.

The auto industry’s troubles stem in part from banks’ and non-banking finance houses’ reluctance to extend consumer loans, as well as subdued demand, particularly in the villages, where two-thirds of Indians live.

Laid-off workers returning to their villages are now putting more burden on a rural sector already suffering falling income from low crop prices, and dampening consumer sentiment and growth across the country.

Gurmeet Singh had been earning Rs 10,000 a month until he lost his job at auto component maker Bellsonica in Manesar. Six months later, back in his hometown of Ambala in Haryana, Singh is still looking for a job, and catastrophising about the future.

“I haven’t had a haircut in months, my shoes are torn and I’ve been using the same pair of clothes since I lost my job. Only I know how I am surviving,” said the 26-year-old.

“If I don’t get a job, how will I build a house for my family, get married and pay off the loan my parents took to educate me?”

His bleak outlook reflects an increasingly grim big picture. India’s economic growth slipped to a six-year low of 5 per cent in the April-June quarter.

All this is cast against a backdrop of a weakening world economy, and uncertainties arising from the trade war between the US and China.

Things are so manifestly bad that even one of the nation’s most popular biscuitmakers, Parle Products Private Limited, is worried about the impact of the auto industry’s troubles on sales.

“If the economy is buoyant then even the rural consumer will not mind paying a little extra. But this (slowdown) has acted as a catalyst to the drop in demand,” said Mayank Shah, product category head at Parle.

Britannia Industries Ltd, which controls a third of the biscuits market in India, said it has “never seen this kind of a slowdown” where people are hesitant to buy a pack of biscuits costing just Rs 5.

“If the consumer is thinking twice before buying, then obviously, there is some serious issue in the economy,” Varun Berry, the company’s managing director said last month.

Under pressure from businesses and investors to provide more stimulus, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman proposed a series of measures last month to help the economy and financial markets but some economists said it would not be enough to revive long-term demand.

“The real revenue growth for auto and consumer goods sectors started declining nearly two years ago. The slowdown has merely gained prominence now,” said Arindam Som, analyst at India Ratings, a Fitch group company, adding that he expects auto companies to further cut production.

A year ago, Vinod Chauhan had no vacancies at all in the 70 rooms he leased primarily to migrant workers in Manesar’s Kasan village. Today, over a third of those rooms are vacant and Chauhan fears things could get worse before they get better.

Advertisement


Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
 
 
 
Copyright © 2020 The Telegraph. All rights reserved.