Fiscal deficit narrows
Fiscal deficit stood at Rs 3.51 lakh crore in April-June, accounting for 21.2 percent of the full-year target due to lower spending on subsidies and higher tax collection, data released by the Controller General of Accounts showed.
The Centre’s fiscal deficit was 18.2 per cent in the year-ago period, according to the data. The fiscal deficit is the difference between total expenditure and revenue of the government. It indicates the total borrowing needed by the government.
The country’s fiscal deficit is projected at 6.4 per cent of the GDP for this fiscal ending March 2023 as against 6.71 per cent for the previous year. According to the monthly account up to June 2022 released by CGA, the receipts stood at Rs 5,96,040 crore or 26.1 per cent of the corresponding Budget Estimates (BE) 2022-23 of total receipts. In the year-ago period, the receipts stood at 27.7 per cent of BE 2021-22.
Core sector growth
The output of eight core infrastructure sectors expanded by 12.7 per cent in June against 9.4 per cent in the year-ago period. The production growth of eight infrastructure sectors — coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertiliser, steel, cement and electricity -- was 19.3 per cent in May 2022, the data showed. In June, the output of coal, refinery products, fertiliser, cement and electricity rose by 31.1 per cent, 15.1 per cent, 8.2per cent, 19.4 per cent, and 15.5per cent, respectively.
Aditi Nayar, chief economist, Icra, said the core sector showed “a fairly broad-based moderation to 12.7 per cent in June 2022 from 19.3 per cent in the previous month, reflecting the normalising base, while mildly exceeding our forecast of 11-12 per cent.
In line with the moderation in the YoY performance recorded by most high-frequency indicators, we expect the IIP growth to ease to11-13 per cent in that month.”
“We expect industrial growth for the year to be closer to the 9-10 per cent mark in June,” Madan Sabnavis, chief economist, BoB, said.