2016: Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi inaugurates a museum of musical instruments at Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre on July 31. Named Vadya Vithika, the museum focuses on tribal instruments, many of which are endangered.
Indian sepoys revolt against the East India Company in the Vellore Mutiny Sourced by the Telegraph
1806: Indian sepoys revolt against the East India Company in the Vellore Mutiny. The July 10 uprising is triggered by resentment towards new uniforms meant to “improve their soldierly appearance” — Hindus are prohibited from wearing religious marks on their foreheads and Muslims are required to shave their beards. When some sepoys had gone to to protest the new uniform in May, they were given 90 lashes each and dismissed from the army.
1861: A girl named Kadambini is born to Braja Kishore Basu, Brahmo reformer and headmaster of a school, on July 18 in Bhagalpur. The girl turns out to be a brilliant student, becoming the first woman to clear the University of Calcutta entrance examination in 1878 and one of the first female graduates of the British Empire. Known as Kadambini Ganguly after marriage, she becomes one of the first female doctors of Asia despite severe opposition from conservatists.
1991: Finance Minister Manmohan Singh presents a Union Budget on July 24 that changes India forever. Faced by severe economic crisis, Singh introduces structural reforms that liberalise the economy, reform trade and investment, expand the service sector and increase consumer choices.
Ignaz Semmelweis is born in Hungary on July 1. He grows up to become a doctor, later credited for his pioneering work in antiseptic procedures. Sourced by the Telegraph
1818: Ignaz Semmelweis is born in Hungary on July 1. He grows up to become a doctor, later credited for his pioneering work in antiseptic procedures. Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of the often-fatal childbed fever could be drastically cut if the doctors simply washed their hands before procedures. But without a scientific explanation for his finding, he faces life-long ridicule from the medical community. At the age of 47, he suffers a nervous breakdown and is sent to an asylum, where he dies of gangrene after being beaten by the guards.
1953: Hostilities of the Korean War end on July 27 with the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement. Fought for over three years, the war had begun when the communist-controlled North Korea invaded the south. The north was backed by China and the Soviet Union and the south by the United Nations, particularly the United States. The war proves to be one of the most destructive conflicts of the modern era, with about three million fatalities.
1967: Randall Champion, a construction worker, gets electrocuted, falls unconscious and hangs upside down from a pole, strapped at the waist 20 feet above the ground. Fellow worker J.D. Thompson performs mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on him while still balancing on the pole. Champion survives. Photographer Rocco Morabito clicks a snap of the July 17 incident, that is widely circulated in global media. The iconic picture, “The Kiss of Life”, wins a Pulitzer Prize the next year.
Donald Bradman becomes the first player to score over 300 runs in a single day of play during a Test match. The momentous day is July 11 — the third day of the third Test match of Australia’s tour of England. Bradman eventually scores 334 runs, another world record. However the match ends without a result, due to poor weather. Sourced by the Telegraph
Sports & entertainment
1930: Donald Bradman becomes the first player to score over 300 runs in a single day of play during a Test match. The momentous day is July 11 — the third day of the third Test match of Australia’s tour of England. Bradman eventually scores 334 runs, another world record. However the match ends without a result, due to poor weather.
1985: Bengali actress Mahua Roy Choudhury succumbs to injuries after a fire breaks out in her hotel room on July 22. Having debuted on the silver screen with Shriman Prithviraj in 1972, Mahua had a string of successful films in her career, including Bagh Bondi Khela and Aadmi Aur Aurat, for which she won a posthumous award from an international film festival.
2012: South Korean musician Psy releases Gangnam Style on July 15. The catchy number, describing the affluent lifestyle of those living in the Gangnam area of Seoul, becomes a raging hit. Guinness World Records recognises its music video as being the most “liked” on YouTube. Its amusing dance step is attempted all over the world, including by world leaders like Barack Obama.
What is your most treasured personal memory of July? Write to The Telegraph Salt Lake, 6 Prafulla Sarkar Street, Calcutta 700001 or email to email@example.com