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Plans to fight industrial pollution

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By OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT
  • Published 1.02.10
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Bhubaneswar, Jan. 31: Growing pollution thanks to rapid industrialisation has prompted the state government to draw up plans to address the problem.

The state has at least 107 sponge iron plants, which contribute significantly to pollution. Besides, there are several thermal plants and coalfields in Talcher-Angul and Ib valley area.

The government has signed MoUs with 49 steel companies and 21 power firms for establishment of steel and coal-based thermal power plants. Of the proposed 49 steel plants, 29 have started production partially. A few days ago, the government cleared proposals for establishment of five more thermal and two more steel plants.

Keeping the industrial expansion in view, it approved a special plan for the seven pollution zones.

The action plan, prepared by the Orissa State Pollution Control Board for the seven pollution zones, received the stamp of approval of chief minister Naveen Patnaik at a meeting recently.

The seven pollution zones, identified by the Orissa State Pollution Control Board, are Talcher-Angul, Jharsuguda-Rengali, Ib valley, Paradip, Rourkela-Rajgangpur, Joda-Barbil and Kalinganagar.

Of these zones, three clusters (Jharsuguda-Rengali, Ib valley and Angul-Talcher) have been identified as critically polluted and the government has initiated steps to conduct a study for preparing a regional environment management plan for these regions.

While Dhanbad-based ISM had been entrusted with conducting a study on the Angul-Talcher cluster, Nagpur-based National Environment Engineering Research Institute had been assigned with a study on the Ib valley and Jharsuguda-Rengali clusters.

According to the action plan approved by the chief minister, scientific and systematic evaluation of the critically polluted areas will be taken up and remedial measures will be taken accordingly.

Ten tanks will be constructed in Angul-Talcher zone for bringing down the rise in temperature.

Besides, a coal corridor will be set up for evacuation of coal from the Talcher coalfield area. All industries and mines operating in the critically polluted areas will have to develop green belt and all the upcoming thermal power plants will have to adopt the super critical technology.

Adoption of the high density slurry disposal system will be made mandatory for all the thermal plants for fly ash management.

All the empty pits in the mining areas will be filled with fly ash. Urban wastes, especially plastic and polythene waste materials will be collected and delivered to ACC Cement for recycling.

Similarly, a pilot project will be taken up for disposal of medical wastes.