Supreme Court upholds powers of Enforcement Directorate
The Supreme Court on Wednesday backed the Enforcement Directorate's powers under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, saying Section 19 that deals with the power to arrest does not suffer from the "vice of arbitrariness".
Upholding the validity of some provisions of the PMLA, a bench headed by Justice A M Khanwilkar also said Section 5 of the Act relating to the attachment of property of those involved in money laundering is constitutionally valid, reports PTI.
The apex court said the supply of Enforcement Case Information Report (ECIR) in every case to the person concerned is not mandatory. The ECIR is the ED's equivalent of a police FIR. The bench, also comprising Justices Dinesh Maheshwari and C T Ravikumar, said it is enough if the ED discloses grounds at the time of arrest.
Rejecting the challenge to the constitutional validity of Section 19 of the PMLA Act 2002, the apex court said, "The challenge to the constitutional validity of Section 19 of the 2002 Act is also rejected. There are stringent safeguards provided in Section 19. The provision does not suffer from the vice of arbitrariness."
A special court can look into the relevant records presented by the ED when the arrested person is produced before it, the Supreme Court said. This will answer the need for the person's continued detention in connection with the alleged offence of money laundering, it said.
"Section 5 is constitutionally valid. It provides for a balancing arrangement to secure the interest of the person as also ensures that proceeds of crime remain available to be dealt with in the manner provided under the Act," the bench said while pronouncing the verdict.
The top court delivered its verdict on a batch of petitions on the interpretation of certain provisions of the PMLA. During the hearing, the apex court deliberated on Section 45 of the Act as well as Section 436A of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and also on balancing the rights of the accused.
While Section 45 of the PMLA deals with the aspect of offences to be cognisable and non-bailable, Section 436A of the CrPC deals with the maximum period for which an undertrial prisoner can be detained.
Power to arrest
The apex court also heard arguments on Section 19 of the PMLA, which deals with the aspect of power to arrest, as well as Section 3 that provides the definition of a money laundering offence.
The Centre had earlier told the apex court that 4,850 cases have been taken up for investigation under the PMLA in the last 17 years and proceeds of crime of Rs 98,368 crore identified and attached under provisions of the law.
The government had told the court that investigation in these offences was carried out under the PMLA, including 2,883 searches.
Solicitor General Tushar Mehta had said out of the Rs 98,368 crore identified and attached, proceeds of crime of Rs 55,899 crore have been confirmed by the adjudicating authority.
Karti Chidambaram among petitioners
The top court had earlier reserved its order on a batch of petitions challenging certain provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). The petitioners include politician Karti Chidambaram and former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, among others, reports ndtv.com.
The Centre has justified the constitutional validity of the provisions of PMLA. It also defended the amendments to PMLA, saying money laundering posed a threat not only to financial systems but the integrity and sovereignty of nations, since money laundering was conducted not just by corrupt businessmen like Vijay Mallya or Nirav Modi but also by terror groups.