CII's case for many bad banks
Industry body CII on Sunday said it has urged the government to consider the creation of multiple bad banks to address the adverse impact of non-performing assets (NPAs) accumulated by public sector banks in the recent past, that got further accentuated during the pandemic.
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in its pre-budget memorandum recommended that the government consider enabling Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) and Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) to purchase NPAs.
“In the aftermath of Covid, it is important to find a resolution mechanism through a market determined price discovery. With huge liquidity both globally and domestically, multiple bad banks can address this issue in a transparent manner and get the credit cycle back in action,” CII president Uday Kotak said.
A robust market-based mechanism will encourage public sector banks (PSBs) to sell their bad loans without fear of questions being raised later.
With cleaner balance sheets, PSBs should be able to raise capital from the market, obviating the need for recapitalisation by government, a bill which the government can ill afford to foot at this point of time, the CII said.
Economic Survey 2017 had also suggested the creation of a bad bank called Public Sector Asset Rehabilitation Agency (PARA) to help tide over the problem of stressed assets.
Lenders have been making a case for setting up a bad bank to ease pressure of bad loans on them in these difficult times.
Currently, banks sell their bad loans to asset reconstruction companies as per the prudent norms of the Reserve Bank of India.
“As the economy recovers, credit demand from industry will expand. Banks need to gear up to meet this demand. Market mechanism based multiple bad banks can help clean up banks’ balance sheets, encouraging them to lend,” the CII stated.
The government had put in Rs 80,000 crore in bank recapitalisation in 2017-18, Rs 1.08 lakh crore in 2018-19 and Rs 70,000 crore in 2019-20.
In September this year, Parliament approved another Rs 20,000 crore capital infusion into PSU banks.
Public sector banks (PSBs) are planning to raise about Rs 25,000 crore through a mix of equity and debt in the next three months to support credit pick-up and meet regulatory requirement.
In the last few months, lenders including State Bank of India, Canara Bank and Punjab National Bank (PNB) have raised about Rs 40,000 crore from the market, financial services secretary Debasish Panda said.
“Banks have been able to raise a lot of money from the markets. About Rs 40,000 crores have been raised by the public sector banks both in the form equity and also AT1 and Tier II bonds.
“We will expect another Rs 20,000-25,000 crore during the remaining part of the financial year,” he said.
Earlier this month, Canara Bank raised Rs 2,000 crore, while Punjab National Bank (PNB) raised Rs 3,788.04 crore through qualified institutional placement (QIP).