**What is Mathematics?**

Mathematics is the study of numbers, structures, shapes, spaces, quantities, and formulas. Mathematics is an integral aspect of science and logic and is applied to several other streams and disciplines such as engineering, architecture, computer science, actuary, and statistics.

Mathematics comprises specialisations depending on its area of use, such as financial mathematics, statistical mathematics, computational mathematics, and applied mathematics.

**Undergraduate Mathematics Degrees Offered**

Candidates aspiring towards a career in Mathematics can opt for the following undergraduate degrees-

- Bachelor of Science (BSc)- 3 years
- Bachelor of Arts (BA)- 3 years
- Bachelor of Statistics (B Stat)- 3 years
- Undergraduate Diploma
- Certificate Courses

**Specialisations in Mathematics**

Specialisations offered in mathematics include the following-

- Applied Mathematical Computing
- Applied Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics and Statistics
- Computational Mathematics
- Financial Mathematics
- Mathematics and Computer Science
- Mathematics and Computing
- Mathematics and Data Science
- Mathematics and Economics
- Mathematics and Scientific Computing
- Mathematics, Computer Science, Electronics
- Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistics
- Mathematics, Economics, Statistics
- Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry
- Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science
- Mathematics, Physics, Electronics
- Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science
- Mathematics, Statistics, Data Sciences
- Probability
- Pure Mathematics
- Statistical Mathematics
- Topological Mathematics

**Eligibility and Requirements for Mathematics**

Students can enrol in mathematics colleges and courses after appearing for entrance exams across the country. The eligibility criteria are as follows-

- Candidates enrolling on mathematics courses and entrances must have passed their 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations from a recognised Indian board with a minimum aggregate of 50-55% marks.
- Candidates from any stream (Science/Commerce/Humanities) can apply who had Mathematics as a compulsory subject at the 10+2 level.
- Candidates applying for BSc Mathematics must have chosen the science stream in their 10+2 with Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.

**Admission Procedure for Mathematics**

The admission procedure for mathematics colleges and courses in India is as follows-

- Candidates applying for mathematics courses must qualify for the minimum eligibility to apply for admissions/entrance exams. Candidates can apply for the entrance examinations, if applicable, by registering in the online portal and submitting the required documents.
- After appearing for the entrance exams, candidates will be shortlisted based on scores, ranks, and merit lists in the counselling session for the respective colleges/entrances. Some colleges also have group discussions and private interviews (GD/PI) for further screening of candidates.
- In the case of merit-based admissions, candidates will be shortlisted based on their 10+2 examination scores.
- Shortlisted candidates may finalise their admission at the concerned college by paying the fees and submitting the required documents for verification.

**Entrance Tests for Mathematics Courses**

Some of the important entrance tests offering admission into undergraduate mathematics courses include the following-

- Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-UG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)/DU Joint Admission Test (JAT)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
- National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)- conducted by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS)
- Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Admission Test (IAT)- conducted by IISER
- Christ University Entrance Test (CUET)- conducted by Christ University, Bengaluru
- National Test for Programs After Twelfth (NPAT)- conducted by Narsee Monjee Institute for Management Studies (NMIMS), Mumbai

**Aptitude for Mathematics**

Students with an interest in numbers and solving problems will find mathematics the ideal study goal for them. Students may gauge their aptitude for mathematics with the following criteria:

- Analytical and critical thinking
- Strong mathematics foundation
- Numeracy
- Problem-solving skills
- Organisational skills
- Logical reasoning
- Quantitative reasoning
- Spatial understanding
- Time management
- Teamwork

**Mathematics Subjects**

Mathematics courses comprise subjects and topics such as-

- Algebra
- Differential Calculus
- Integral Calculus
- Probability
- Statistics
- Polynomial Approximation
- Linear Programming
- Sets and Functions
- Geometry and Spaces
- Discrete Mathematics
- Data Analysis
- Analytic Number Theory
- Logic

**Top Mathematics Specialisations for the Future**

Mathematics is an immensely applied subject across numerous streams and disciplines and science has diverse prospects. Top mathematics specialisations for the future include-

- Commercial Surveying
- Actuary
- Cryptography
- Mathematics with Economics
- Computation
- Accounts
- Mathematical Data Analysis
- Operations Research
- Chaos Theory
- Financial Mathematics
- Scientific Indexing

**Post-graduate Study/Research Opportunities in Mathematics**

After completing their undergraduate degrees, candidates can further their mathematics study goals through postgraduate and research degrees.

The eligibility criteria for pursuing postgraduate courses is completing an undergraduate mathematics degree in the specialisation/course of choice from a recognised university with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks.

Popular postgraduate degrees in mathematics include-

- Master of Science (MSc)- 2 years
- Master of Arts (MA)- 2 years
- Master of Statistics (M Stat)- 2 years
- Post-graduate Diploma- 9 months to 2 years
- Master of Philosophy (M Phil)- 2 years
- Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)

Important entrance exams for admission into postgraduate mathematics programmes include-

- Common Universities Entrance Test (CUET-PG)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET-PG)- conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Admission test for Masters (IIT-JAM)- conducted by IIT Guwahati
- Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)- conducted by JNU
- Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET)- conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)- conducted by BITS Pilani
- National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)- conducted by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS)
- Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Admission Test (IAT)- conducted by IISER

**Career Prospects/Placements in Mathematics**

Mathematics is a promising study goal and a highly coveted stream in the sciences. Mathematics offers several career avenues and job prospects in the public and private sectors. Mathematics graduates receive placement offers from prominent and reputed companies visiting their college during campus placement programmes organised by the training and placement cell.

Popular and coveted career prospects in Mathematics include the following-

- Statistician
- Actuarial Manager
- Mathematician (Research Scientist)
- Numerical Analyst
- Accountant
- Data Scientist
- Computer Programmer
- Cryptanalyst
- Business Analyst
- Demographer

**Starting Salaries in Mathematics**

Starting salaries in mathematics range between INR 4 to 9 LPA, and can go as high as 50-70 LPA for experienced senior technicians.

**Similar Subjects in Mathematics**

Candidates with a propensity for mathematics might be interested in similar subjects like-

- Computer Science
- Data Analysis
- Statistics
- Accounting
- Artificial Intelligence (AI)
- Data Science
- Finance
- Commerce
- Engineering

Advertisement