|What a few hours can do: US President Barack Obama pauses while delivering a statement on Wednesday from Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, on the beheading of journalist James Foley. (Top) Four hours later, the mood undergoes a dramatic change as
the President prepares to ride in a cart while golfing at Vineyard Golf Club in Edgartown
on the island where Obama is taking a two-week vacation. (AP and Reuters pictures)
Washington, Aug. 22: He had just hung up the telephone with the devastated parents before heading in front of the cameras. Unusually emotional, President Barack Obama declared himself “heartbroken” by the brutal murder of an American journalist, James Foley, and vowed to “be relentless” against Islamic radicals threatening to kill another American.
But as soon as the cameras went off, Obama headed to his favourite golf course on Martha’s Vineyard, where he is on vacation, seemingly able to put the savagery out of his mind.
He spent the rest of the afternoon on the links even as a firestorm of criticism erupted over what many saw as callous indifference to the slaughter he had just condemned.
Presidents learn to wall off their feelings and compartmentalise their lives. They deal in death one moment and seek mental and physical relief the next.
To make cold-hearted decisions in the best interest of the country and manage the burdens of perhaps the most stressful job on the planet, current and former White House officials said, a President must guard against becoming consumed by the emotions of the situations they confront. And few Presidents have been known more for cool, emotional detachment than Obama.
Yet the juxtaposition of his indignant denunciation of terrorists and his outing on the greens this week underscored the unintended consequences of such a remove.
If Obama hoped to show America’s enemies that they cannot hijack his schedule, he also showed many of his friends in America that he disdains the politics of appearance. He long ago stopped worrying about what critics say, according to aides, and after the outcry over Wednesday’s game, he defied the critics by golfing again on Thursday, his eighth outing in 11 days on the island.
It was all the more striking given that Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain cancelled his vacation after the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria released the video showing Foley’s death because the accent of the masked killer suggested he came from Britain.
The criticism went beyond the usual political opponents. Privately, many Democrats shook their heads at what they considered a judgement error. Ezra Klein, editor in chief of the online news site Vox, who is normally sympathetic to Obama, wrote on Twitter that “golfing today is in bad taste”.
“As a general rule, I think that he’s right that you can’t be held hostage to the news cycle — the man deserves a bit of downtime,” said Jim Manley, a long-time Democratic strategist. “But in this particular instance, I think a lot of Democrats flinched a little bit.”
The video, Manley added, “was just so shocking that the idea that he was going to immediately run to the golf course was just a little too much for folks; it was tone-deaf.”
Obama has traditionally resisted what he sees as the empty political gesture of abruptly upending his schedule in reaction to the latest crisis. Aides said the golf game did not reflect the depth of his grief over Foley, noting that the President had just spoken with his parents that morning.
“His concern for the Foleys and Jim was evident to all who saw and heard his statement,” said Jennifer Palmieri, the White House communications director.
Obama is not the first President to get in trouble with a golf club in hand. On the course one day in 2002, President George W. Bush delivered a tough-worded statement denouncing a suicide bombing in Israel and then, barely missing a beat, told reporters, “Now, watch this drive.”
Bush later concluded that such scenes sent a bad message, and in the fall of 2003, with the Iraq war raging, he gave up golf for the remainder of his presidency.
What really matters, according to Obama’s defenders, is not what the President does to blow off steam, but what he does to blow up ISIS. Aides to Republican and Democratic Presidents have long argued that the commander-in-chief is on duty no matter where he is, and that even on vacation, he is receiving briefings, making phone calls and issuing orders. Other Presidents have taken vacations during major crises and times of war. This year Obama has repeatedly interrupted his summer break to deal with Iraq and the racial unrest in Ferguson.
For Obama, the video of Foley’s death is acutely personal because it showed one of three other American civilians held hostage, Steven J. Sotloff, suggesting he would be killed next if the President did not stop bombing ISIS targets in Iraq. “The life of this American citizen, Obama, depends on your next decision,” the masked killer says while holding the back of Sotloff’s orange, prison-style shirt.
There could hardly be many more wrenching situations for a President. Sending American troops into harm’s way is difficult enough, but they at least volunteered for duty and are trained for the dangers they confront. The rise of social media has made such life-or-death blackmail all the more horrific.
As far as aides knew, Obama did not watch the ISIS video, and advisers did not think he should.
“That’s got to be exquisitely disturbing,” said Peter D. Feaver, a former national security aide to Bush and President Bill Clinton, who now teaches at Duke University. “And it’s different than for average Americans who are watching this on television but know there’s nothing they can do. With President Obama, there are things he can do, but he’s concluded that he can’t do them.”