The Telegraph
Tuesday , June 10 , 2014
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2004 to 2014: What’s new

What sets the presidential address on Monday, delivered by Pranab Mukherjee for the NDA government led by Narendra Modi, apart from that a decade ago, delivered by APJ Abdul Kalam for the UPA government led by Manmohan Singh

NDA: Vibrant, dynamic and prosperous India

UPA: Inclusive


NDA: Brand India

UPA: Bharat Nirman


NDA: Rurban (to end the rural-urban divide)

UPA: New deal


NDA: Poverty elimination

UPA: Poverty alleviation


NDA: Ek Bharat — shreshtha Bharat. Stress on strong nation

UPA: Stress on secular India

The verdict

NDA: This (the 2014 poll) has been an election of Hope. The electorate transcended the boundaries… to vote decisively in favour of development through good governance

UPA: The election outcome (in 2004) was indicative of people’s yearning for inclusiveness — economic, social and cultural — and their rejection of the forces of divisiveness and intolerance. The verdict is for… repairing our secular fabric

The thrust

NDA: The government pledges itself to the principle of ‘sabka saath, sabka vikas’. We will work together to re-establish the credibility of institutions of democracy. The mantra: minimum government, maximum governance. Will be guided by the core values of our great civilisation

UPA: Will work according to the common minimum programme (prepared with the Left). Committed to preserving, protecting and promoting secular values and enforcing the law without fear or favour to deal with all obscurantist and fundamentalist elements

The last word

NDA: The people have given a clear mandate. They want to see a vibrant, dynamic and prosperous India

UPA: The mandate (in 2004) is to treat power as a sacred societal trust… paying particular attention to the pressing needs of farmers and other downtrodden sections

Alphabet soup addiction

The President’s speech echoed Modi’s penchant for catchphrases

3D: Democracy, demography and demand to help actualise aspirations

5T: Brand India to ride on tradition, talent, tourism, trade and technology

3S: Aim for a globally competitive manufacturing hub powered by skill, scale and speed


  • Ek Bharat, shreshtha Bharat (One India, great India)
  • Sabka saath, sabka vikas (With everyone and development for everyone)
  • Minimum government, maximum governance
  • Har khet ko paani (water for every field)
  • Jal sanchay, jal sinchan (save water and irrigate)
  • Per drop, more crop
  • Har haath ko hunar (Skills for every hand)
  • Swachh Bharat (Clean India)
  • Van bandhu kalyan (Tribal welfare)
  • Beti bachao, beti padhao (Save the daughter, educate the daughter)


If the Manmohan government launched eight more IITs and seven new IIMs — which stirred fears whether the core strengths of the renowned institutes would be undermined, the Modi government has said “we will set up IITs and IIMs in every state”