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Stress on early chest ailment detection

Passive smoking and even incense stick smoke can cause asthma respiratory tract infection among children aged between one and two years.

At the Patna Chest Update-2014 organised by the Bihar chapter of Indian Chest Society at a city hotel on Sunday, Dr Rupak Kumar Ghosh, chairperson of the Eastern Zone of Indian Chest Society, enlightened the audience on various aspects. Around 200 pulmonologists from Bihar, Jharkhand and Calcutta took part in this programme.

“Asthma and respiratory tract infections are caused due to allergy. Infants are usually prone to infections. It has been found in many cases that by inhaling cigarette smoke, mosquito coil and incense stick, many infants develop asthma and respiratory tract infection. Hospitals in Calcutta get many cases of children suffering from asthma and respiratory tract infection. The situation is alarming,” said Ghosh.

Ghosh added: “If your child continuously wheezes at night, it means he/she might have developed asthma or respiratory tract infection. Consult a pulmonologist if you find these symptoms because if disease is detected early and the child is treated treatment on time, the frequency of the disease could be minimised.”

Dr Suryakant, national vice-president of Indian Chest Society and head of chest medicine department at King George Medical College, Lucknow, talked about how pollution is contributing to the increase of pulmonary diseases, including asthma, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis and others.

“Rapid decline in trees, pollution, increase in smoking, construction and a rise in number of diesel-run vehicles are reasons for increase in pulmonary disease. The air has been so polluted that the number of pulmonary patients is increasing,” said Suryakant.

Dr Raj Kumar Patel, Chest Institute, New Delhi, dwelt on acute bronchopulmonary aspergellosis, a fungal disease that complicate asthma or cystic fibrosis of lungs.

“It is caused owing to presence of certain type of fungus. People with damaged lungs and those who have a weak immune system are at gre- ater risk of developing this ailment.”

Dr Sanjay Kumar, state co-ordinator of Indian Chest Society talked about acute respiratory disease. “It is a situation that arises owing to direct lung injury in pneumonia or indirectly after trauma. Early detection and treatment can improve his/her condition.”