The Telegraph
Since 1st March, 1999
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North Korea in nuclear test threat

Seoul, Oct. 3 (Reuters): An increasingly isolated North Korea said today it would conduct its first-ever nuclear test, blaming a US “threat of nuclear war and sanctions” for forcing its hand.

The statement by North Korea’s foreign ministry, carried on the official KCNA news agency, was condemned by neighbouring Japan as “unacceptable” and caused South Korea to increase its security alert.

Britain said it would view any nuclear test as a highly provocative act.

The announcement confirms weeks of rumours the communist state was planning a test and came amid increasingly sour relations with the outside world after it test-fired missiles in July. “The US extreme threat of a nuclear war and sanctions and pressure compel the DPRK (North Korea) to conduct a nuclear test, an essential process for bolstering nuclear deterrent, as a corresponding measure for defence,” the statement said.

But it added that North Korea would never use nuclear weapons first and would “do its utmost to realise the denuclearisation of the peninsula and give impetus to the worldwide nuclear disarmament and the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons.”

Analysts say North Korea probably has enough fissile material to make six to eight nuclear bombs but probably does not have the technology to make one small enough to mount on a missile.

Pyongyang’s latest and, to date, most extreme sabre-rattling was most probably aimed at trying to force the US into direct talks and end a painful financial crackdown on impoverished North Korean offshore bank accounts, analysts said.

Japan’s new Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, said any nuclear test by North Korea would be unacceptable.

“North Korea needs to realise that unless it responds to the concerns of international society, its situation will only worsen,” he said.

The North Korean statement comes as Abe readies for talks with leaders in China and South Korea from this weekend. Officials in China — North Korea’s main suppliers of aid — gave no immediate official response to the report.

Top South Korean security officials met and issued a statement outlining the increased security alert, the presidential Blue House said.

Britain said a test would have serious consequences for North Korea. “It would raise tensions in an already tense region and have repercussions internationally,” a foreign office spokesman said.

Both Koreas, China and Japan are members of six-nation talks trying to end Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons programme.

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