The Telegraph
Since 1st March, 1999
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Beijing surprise: Gandhi & security pact

Beijing, Sept. 9: Home minister Shivraj Patil’s visit here marks yet another step in the wary tango China and India have been dancing since Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s ice-breaking trip to China in 2003 as Prime Minister.

Patil and his Chinese counterpart, Zhou Yongkang, the minister for internal security, signed a memorandum of understanding for bilateral cooperation in combating terrorism, preventing drug trafficking and sharing experiences and information on security-related issues.

Patil also had a 40-minute meeting with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and unveiled a statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Beijing’s historic Chaoyang Park, before heading to Shanghai where he will visit police training facilities.

If the erecting of a statue to Gandhi seems ironic as China’s icon Mao Zedong had once said “power flows from the barrel of a gun”, the signing of a security-related MoU between Delhi and Beijing seemed more surprising.

Just last month, several Indian think-tanks and Patil’s own intelligence agencies warned that Chinese intelligence agencies were trying to expand their operations in India. The most publicly known incident involved the Chinese telecom company Huawei Technologies, which has a subsidiary in Bangalore.

In 2001, US intelligence had reportedly tipped off Delhi about Huawei’s bid to infiltrate India’s telecom infrastructure and last month the Research and Analysis Wing expressed “reservations regarding the company’s links with the Chinese military”.

A recent Research and Analysis Wing report said that “in view of China’s focus on cyber warfare, there is a risk in exposing our strategic telecom network to the Chinese”. Consequently, Huawei’s India expansion plans estimated at $60 million have been put on hold by Delhi.

India also tightened its process for issuing visas to Chinese citizens, prompting a public protest by Chinese ambassador Sun Yuxi.

However, Huawei and concerns that China or China-based arms dealers might be supplying insurgents in India’s Northeast were distinctly off the agenda during Patil’s visit.

“We want to focus on the positive not the negative,” said Patil. “Between any two large countries there are many issues. We have problems and we want to solve the problems by understanding each other, persuading each other.”

The home minister also emphasised that reports China was supporting insurgency in India were only the view of private think-tanks and not the government.

The MoU Patil signed was billed as an “intelligence sharing” deal, but the final agreement only referred to the sharing of “information and experiences” related to terrorism and cross-border crimes.

Neither Patil nor home secretary Vinod Kumar Duggal, who spoke to journalists over tea at the leafy, colonial-era Indian embassy building, gave any indication of whether a genuine intelligence sharing pact could be signed soon.

According to analysts, the steps India and China have recently been taking to heal old wounds have increased with China’s desire to join the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and India’s desire to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

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