| In their interest
Each party shall prohibit, or promote the prohibition of, the distribution of free tobacco products to the public and especially minors. Each party shall endeavour to prohibit the sale of cigarettes individually or in small packets which increase the affordability of such products to minors. The parties recognize that in order to increase their effectiveness, measures to prevent tobacco product sales to minors should, where appropriate, be implemented in conjunction with other provisions contained in this convention.
When signing, ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to the convention or at any time thereafter, a party may, by means of a binding written declaration, indicate its commitment to prohibit the introduction of tobacco vending machines within its jurisdiction or, as appropriate, to a total ban on tobacco vending machines...Each party shall adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures, including penalties against sellers and distributors, in order to ensure compliance with the obligations...
Each party should, as appropriate, adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures to prohibit the sales of tobacco products by persons under the age set by domestic law, national law or eighteen.
Parties shall, in cooperation with each other and with competent international and regional inter-governmental organizations, promote, as appropriate, economically viable alternatives for tobacco workers, growers and, as the case may be, individual sellers.
In carrying out their obligations under this convention, the parties agree to have due regard to the protection of the environment and the health of persons in relation to the environment in respect of tobacco cultivation and manufacture within their respective territories.
For the purpose of tobacco control, the parties shall consider taking legislative action or promoting their existing laws...to deal with criminal and civil liability, including compensation where appropriate. Parties shall cooperate with each other in exchanging information through the conference of the parties...including: (a) information on the health effects of the consumption of tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke...and (b) information on legislation and regulations in force as well as pertinent jurisprudence.
The parties shall, as appropriate and mutually agreed, within the limits of national legislation, policies, legal practices and applicable existing treaty arrangements, afford one another assistance in legal proceedings relating to civil and criminal liability consistent with this convention.
The convention shall in no way affect or limit any rights of access of the parties to each otherís courts where such rights exist. The conference of the parties may consider, if possible, at an early stage, taking account of the work being done in relevant international fora, issues related to liability including appropriate international approaches to these issues and appropriate means to support, upon request, the parties in their legislative and other activities...
Research, surveillance and exchange of information: The parties undertake to develop and promote national research and to coordinate research programmes at the regional and international levels in the field of tobacco control. Towards this end, each party shall:
(a) initiate and cooperate in, directly or through competent international and regional inter-governmental organizations and other bodies, the conduct of research and scientific assessments, and in so doing promote and encourage research that addresses the determinants and consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke as well as research for identification of alternative crops; and (b) promote and strengthen, with the support of competent international and regional inter-governmental organizations and other bodies, training and support for all those engaged in tobacco control activities, including research, implementation and evaluation.
The parties shall establish, as appropriate, programmes for national, regional and global surveillance of the magnitude, patterns, determinants and consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke. Towards this end, the parties should integrate tobacco surveillance programmes into national, regional and global health surveillance programmes so that data are comparable and can be analysed at the regional and international levels, as appropriate.
Parties recognize the importance of financial and technical assistance from international and regional inter-governmental organizations and other bodies.