The victory gives Mr Modi, who has been chief minister of the state of Gujarat for 13 years, the chance to revitalize the economy and shape the way India engages with the world. How he moves forward will matter to Indians clamouring for jobs and development, but also to others, including the United States, which sees India as a vital economic and security partner in Asiaů.
One of the most important questions is whether Mr Modi will be the pragmatic pro-business leader who has argued for putting a priority on economic reforms and creating jobs, or whether he will be the strident Hindu nationalist who might impose a sectarian agenda on a largely secular state.
People feel the biggest issue is the lack of jobs and the lack of growth and Mr Modi has convinced them that he is the best option to get India’s economy movingů. There are reservations among Muslims who hope that Modi will govern for the whole of India not just Hindus. But people are ready for change no matter who is going to bring that change.
What remains to be seen is whether Mr Modi will be the Deng Xiaoping of India or its Vladimir Putin — a leader whose economic ambitions are derailed by nationalism and authoritarian temptations.
Global Times, China’s state-owned daily, quoted the country’s foreign ministry spokesperson, Hua Chunying, as saying Beijing was keen to work with the new Indian government.