Lance Armstrong has for the first time given, under oath, specific names of people who provided him with banned performance-enhancing drugs during his career, or otherwise assisted him in obtaining them, including that of former US Postal team manager Johan Bruyneel.
Bruyneel, who is awaiting the results of December’s arbitration hearing into his role in what the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) called “the most sophisticated, professionalised and successful doping program that sport has ever seen”, is one of three people named who contest the charges against them.
Armstrong’s evidence comes from testimony the disgraced former rider gave on November 12 last year in a lawsuit filed against him by Acceptance Insurance, who were seeking to recover $3 million from him for bonuses paid for winning the Tour de France from 1999 to 2001.
In one of those questions, Armstrong was asked who had provided him with performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) during his career. And while the names will surprise no one, having appeared in USADA’s reasoned decision, it is the first time Armstrong has publicly stated them.
In his famous confessional interview with Oprah Winfrey in 2012, Armstrong admitted using banned PEDs in all seven of his Tour de France victories but did not go into specifics regarding who had supplied him with them.
In the evidence obtained, Armstrong said that trainer Pepi Marti, Dr Pedro Celaya, Dr Luis García del Moral and Dr Michele Ferrari had all done so.
When asked who delivered the drugs, Armstrong named Irish masseuse Emma O’Reilly, mechanic Julien de Vriese and Philippe Maire, previously known as “Motoman”.
“Johan Bruyneel participated in or assisted with Armstrong’s use of PEDs, and knew of that use through their conversations and acts,” Armstrong said in the court document.