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Where pipes run dry

Bhubaneswar, March 21: Several parts of the city are yet to get pipe water supply despite the production of 264.77 million litres of water per day (MLD) against a demand of only 119.62MLD.

Most of the areas that yet to get adequate water are situated on the outskirts. These areas — Patia, Sikharchandi, Dumduma, Sundarpada, Pahala, Andharua, Bharatpur and Patrapada — are still waiting for water supply pipelines.

“The city is water surplus, but the number of water-starved areas clearly shows there is a lack of co-ordination between various agencies of the state government,” said Bijay Mishra, an environmentalist.

Residents of several colonies developed by the Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) and Odisha State Housing Board (OSHB) are also facing problems in getting pipe water from the public health engineering organisation.

“We have been staying in a BDA colony of Pokhariput since 2001, but we are yet to get pipe water supply. People here have got their own borewells dug,” said Pitambar Parida, a resident of Ananta Vihar.

At OSHB Colony in Dumduma, the scenario is equally bad. About 20 years ago, the housing board had promised water supply to the residents, but water supply to the area began just about four years ago. “The housing board has to transfer the water supply project to the PHEO and only then can we get access to pipe water,” said former councillor of the area Kartik Sundaray.

PHEO superintending engineer Chittaranjan Jena admitted that there were some gaps in the demand and supply of pipe water.

“In the central part of the city, the areas are mostly defined and compact in nature. But the outskirts are developing fast and we are trying to meet the demand there in a phase-wise manner,” he said.

At present, all wards of the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation are either fully or partially covered by the pipe water. “We are trying to convert the partially-covered areas into fully-covered areas,” said a PHEO engineer.

Santanu Mohanty, a resident of Unit-VI, said: “While we face water scarcity during summer, I have seen government officials getting extra water in tankers. A metering system should be in place.”

As the world celebrates Water Day on March 22 with an objective to raise awareness on the linkage of water and energy as one of its central themes, the PHEO spends about Rs 25.40 lakh every day towards treatment cost of 141.15MLD unaccounted water.

A PHEO engineer admitted that officially, the loss of water in the supply chain by them is 50 per cent. It could be due to supply though stand posts in slum pockets, water connections taken illegally and wastage due to transmission through pipelines.

He said: “We have already taken up a pilot project to ensure better water supply through metering so that people are cautious while using the pipe water. However, for that, we will need more reservoirs to ensure controlled supply and minimise loss.”

Division-I

• Areas: Government quarters from Unit-I to Unit-VIII, Satya Nagar, Kharavela Nagar, Ashok Nagar, Forest Park, Aerodrome area, Palaspalli, Bhimatangi Housing Board Colony, Gautam Nagar, Buddha Nagar, Laxmisagar, Jharpada, Chintamaniswar, Kalpana flat and private area. BJB flat and private area, Nageswar Tangi, Baragarh, Rameswar Patna, Paika Nagar, Dharma Vihar, Bhimpur, Ganga Nagar, Surya Nagar, Rental Housing Colony, Nayapalli VIP area, Gandamunda and Jagamara

• Source: Palasuni treatment plant, production wells, Mundali treatment plant and Bhuasuni treatment plant

• Population: 4.4 lakh

• Bulk supply by the division: 90 MLD

(It produces 50MLD and gets 40MLD from Divisions II and III)

• Actual demand: 59.4MLD

• Actual supply per head: 369 litres a day

Division-II

• Areas: Palasuni, VSS Nagar, Unit-IX, Nayapalli Behera Sahi, IRC Village I, II, III, IV and VI, Sainik School, Mancheswar, Utkal University, Saheed Nagar, Rasulgarh and Gada Gopinath Prasad Colony

• Source: Palasuni treatment plant and part from Mundali plant for Nayapalli and part of Chandrasekharpur from Mundali and production well

• Population: 3.10 lakh

• Bulk supply by the division: 116.77MLD

(Division supplies around 80 MLD to consumers and rest goes to Division-I)

• Actual demand: 42MLD

• Actual supply per head: 248 litres a day

Division-III

• Areas: Sailashree Vihar, Chandrasekharpur, Patia, Damana, Niladri Vihar, Baramunda Village, Dumduma, Bharatpur, Ghatikia, Kolathia, Sampur, Kalinga Vihar, Ainginia and AIIMS

• Source: Mundali treatment plant and some production wells at Sailashree Vihar

• Population: 1.35 lakh

• Bulk supply by the division: 97MLD (Division supplies nearly 40MLD to consumers and rest goes to divisions I and II based on their requirement)

• Actual supply per head: 540 litres a day