A blue sky with patches of white clouds on the horizon of the steel city on Sunday indicates the departure of monsoon. Picture by Bhola Prasad
Having overstayed its welcome for nearly 10 days, the monsoon has finally said goodbye to Jharkhand.
The Patna Meteorological Office on Sunday confirmed the development. The Southwest Monsoon has completely withdrawn from Jharkhand. The Pune-based India Meteorological Department (IMD) officially declared the withdrawal on Saturday evening. Actually, the withdrawal process, which started on Friday, was faster than predicted, said B.N. Chaudhury, senior official at the Patna weather hub.
Chaudhury added that the IMD forecast on Friday that the complete withdrawal of the rains from Jharkhand and neighbouring states would take two-three days.
The withdrawal line of the monsoon was crossing Bankura in Bengal, Cuttack in Odisha and Gulbarga and Ratnagiri in Karnataka on Sunday.
Normally, the monsoon leaves Jharkhand around October 10. Even last year, it left the state on October 11. The year 2011, however, was an exception with the monsoon extending its stay in the state till October 23, the longest.
The senior Met official explained that the southwest monsoon overstayed owing to the influence of low pressure troughs over the Bay of Bengal and Odisha coast.
This year, the rains arrived in the state on time.
Despite its long stay, the monsoon did not prove to be generous enough. Rainfall during the four rainy months June to September stood at a deficit of 23 per cent, with the state receiving 843.5 mm of rainfall against a normal of 1,092 mm.
Weathermen said that though the monsoon rarely left the state before October, rainfall after September 30 was not included in the calculations.
East Singhbhum was the lone district that registered surplus rainfall of 19 per cent. Against a normal of 1,057.6mm, the district received a bounty of 1,263 mm.
While distribution of rainfall was uniform in most areas, deficit in Chatra and Garwah rose to 51 per cent and 39 per cent, respectively, by the end of the monsoon.
Statistics revealed that while June and July recorded around a 40 per cent deficit, shortfall in August stood at 28 per cent and September ended with a 23 per cent shortage.
Most of the districts recorded maximum rainfall after August 15. September, October saw a turnaround from the deficit.
Jharkhand received 281 per cent of excess rain in October. Figures suggest that against a normal of 81.9 mm, the state received 237 mm of rain in October.