Guwahati, July 5: The latest statistics released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has revealed some disquieting data for Assam.
According to the latest NCRB figures, the rate of violent crimes in Assam was the third highest in the country in 2011. Only Kerala and Delhi were ranked above Assam in first and second positions respectively.
The NCRB in its report Crime in India 2011, released on June 31, has said that the rate of violent crimes in Assam was 36.6, higher than the national average of 21.2.
Assam was followed by Manipur with 32.4, which reported the fourth highest rate of violent crimes in the country in 2011.
The crime rate is calculated based on the number of violent crimes committed on one lakh population.
The crimes that affect the life and safety of the people and induce a sense of insecurity and fear are considered violent crimes by the NCRB. According to it, crimes such as murder, attempt to murder, dowry death, kidnapping, dacoity, rape, riots and arson fall into the category of violent crimes.
There has been a rise in number of violent crimes in Assam last year.
In 2011 total 1,321 murder cases were registered in the state compared to 1,223 the previous year.
Similarly, kidnapping cases have gone up from 3,250 in 2010 to 3,785 in 2011. During 2011, the state has also witnessed a rise in other violent crimes such dacoity, robbery and riots compared to the previous year.
The respective cases registered by police in connection with dacoity, robbery and riot incidents in Assam in 2011 were 310, 841 and 2,347 compared to 248, 662 and 2,183 in 2010.
There was, however, a decline in the number of dowry deaths and rape cases in Assam in 2011, which was 35 and 1,707 respectively, compared to 143 and 1,721 in 2010.
These NCRB statistics show that there has been deterioration in the law and order situation in the state belying the state government’s claim of improved law and order.
The rate of violent crimes gives a more realistic and comparative picture of law and order than a total number of offences registered in a state.
A state with a larger population can report a higher number of violent crimes compared to a small state but it may have a low rate of violent crimes. Therefore, the crime rate can be considered as an index of law and order.
Former director-general of Assam police Nishinath Changkakoti said there had been a rise in violent crimes primarily because of moral degeneration in society.
“Many people, mostly youngsters, are taking to crime to earn easy money to meet lifestyle demands. There is a section of youths who aspire to live a luxurious life without doing hard work,” he said.
Changkakoti said there is another section of people who commit crimes for economic gain as their incomes have remained static but the cost of living has increased manifold.
He suggested that if the crime rate has to be reduced then the police force will have to be strengthened and their manpower increased.
“Let alone creation of new posts, the state government has not yet been able to fill up the backlog of vacancies in the state police force,” he said.
“The training of our police force should be given utmost importance to prepare them to investigate cases properly. There should be adequate monitoring of investigation of criminal cases by superior officers,” he said.
Changkakoti said that failure of police to crack criminal cases and punish the guilty would encourage others to take to crime.