A key corporate function
• Q: I am doing my BA in economics and I am very interested in working as a human resources (HR) professional. Is it difficult to get a job in this line' Could you guide me on this' Are there any institutes where I can specialise in HR'
• A: HR departments have come a long way from carrying out merely supporting functions in companies. In fact, HR has emerged as the key capital or raw material for most companies in the information age.
With a degree in HR, you can work as an HR manager, employee relations manager, labour and welfare officer or industrial relations and training manager in large industrial and business organisations, BPOs, government undertakings, factories, mines, plantations, hospitals, hotels, banks and other financial institutions and other organisations that have a large workforce.
Currently, there is a shortage of HR professionals in India. In comparison to the increase in the number of jobs every year, the number of HR professionals seems miniscule. Experts say that India may require 28,000 HR professionals next year. In 2007 alone, around 3,37,000 employees are expected to join the software and services sector, for which around 4,500 HR professionals are required.
Although HR is a specialisation offered in almost every business school as part of the MBA programme, only a handful of institutes offer exclusive courses in HR, of which the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur, and Symbiosis Centre for Management and Human Resource Development (SCMHRD), Pune, are the most popular. These three institutes produce around 200 professionals each year.
The average compensation for an entry level HR professional graduating from one of the premier institutes is Rs 8-10 lakh now. This figure can also go up to Rs 14 lakh with two to three years of work experience.
Smart about your genes
• Q: What is genetic counselling' Does it have any scope in India'
• A: Genetic counselling is finally coming of age in India. It involves explaining the causes, complications, progress, recurrence risks and preventive measures linked with genetic disorders to patients or relatives at risk of such disorders. Even though there is no definite cure, a few disorders such as heart defects, blood disorders like thalassemia, neurological, skeletal and renal ailments can be controlled or prevented if detected at an early stage.
Doctors warn that pre-marital genetic counselling is essential for people who marry their blood relatives. Counselling all couples before they conceive is becoming important. Prenatal diagnosis reduces the possibilities of disorders. Parents can decide to continue their pregnancy or terminate it.
How do docs emigrate to Canada'
• Q: What are the rules pertaining to migration to Canada in the skilled worker category for doctors'
Dr S.P. Lal
• A: To obtain an immigrant visa in the skilled worker category, you must meet the minimum work and funds requirement and get a minimal score out of 100 (67 at present) on six selection factors, including education, English and French language ability, work experience, age, a job offer in Canada and adaptability.
You must have a minimum of one year of full-time work experience or equivalent part-time experience and have enough funds (whether personal and / or as salary from a pre-arranged job offer) for your family to survive at least six months in Canada.
For your education, you get a maximum of 25 points (highest for 17 or more years of full-time education or PhD) and you get 24 points for your ability to speak, listen, read and write English and French.
For your work experience, you get a maximum of 21 points (highest for those who have worked four or more years full-time) and for age, 10 points (highest for those in the active working age group, 21-49 years). A pre-arranged job offer in Canada will get you another 10 points.
Adaptability is a category consisting of a jumble of characteristics measuring whether you will be able to adapt to a life in Canada. Here, you score points for an educated spouse and whether you and / or your spouse have close relatives or have been employed and educated in Canada earlier. Your pre-arranged job offer again adds points for adaptability, whose maximum is limited to 10.
For more information, contact the Canadian High Commission, 7 / 8 Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi- 110021 (telephone: 011-41782000; facsimile: 011-41782020; e-mail: delhi@internat ional.gc.ca) or the Honorary Consulate of Canada, c/ RPG Enterprises, Duncan House, Third floor, 31 Netaji Subhas Road, Calcutta-700001 (telephone: 22426820 / 22208515; fax: 033-22426828; e-mail: email@example.com).
Send your queries to Career Hotline, Careergraph, The Telegraph, 6, Prafulla Sarkar Street, Calcutta 700 001. Fax: 22253142; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org