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Without effective capacity-building, the millennium development goals will never be achieved. This critical waterdevelopment process is often treated as an add-on to programmes, with scant regard to local capacity-building institutions, or to long-term commitment. Capacity building is a process that must be sustained and financed for the long-term and undertaken in a holistic and integrated manner and therefore a new global strategy for capacity building needs to be developed...

The project of IFNet global flood warning system... will promote future exchange of information, experience, technical knowledge and future plans for national and international cooperation for action. The project is prospected to raise public awareness of floods and vastly improve flood counter measures from reactive to proactive actions worldwide.

...The existing gap between developing and developed counties in using communication technologies can be reduced by documenting successful capacity building cases and support the ongoing initiatives to promote distance and e-learning programmes.

Recommendations: Mechanism should be established to support and enhance exchange of regional experiences. ...Capacity building actions should be structurally incorporated in all water programmes, while international, regional and local capacity building centres should be equipped to provide guidance in the process. To ensure sustainability of the above and new actions, a much larger financial investment must be made on a global scale.

Key issues: The objects of the world heritages registered by the UNESCO are of various ranges, all of which have a close relation with water. However, very few people realize the...relation... There is an urgent need to search and adopt new ways to preserve world heritages and perceive their great relation to water.

Actions: Grasp the situations of the various heritages around the world that have close relation with water, and to discuss the best water management practices for protecting the world inheritance.

Recommendations: The construction of a database concerning world heritages related to water..., to take appropriate actions to tackle-over the relation between water and heritages. Promoting public awareness and appropriate water management is very important to protect world heritages from disasters.

Key issues: If a sustainable use of groundwater is not reached, groundwater development will undoubtedly prolong the negative impacts on groundwater-fed wetlands and their ecosystem. In many regions of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid countries, it is an important challenge to develop compatible guidelines for rendering groundwater intensive use.

...Introducing the concepts and importance of groundwater to citizen and children, especially in rural and isolated areas, is recognized as a challenge. The aim is to understand and recognize the role of groundwater in environmental problems near city.

Trans-boundary aquifer resources management lack legal and institutional aspects. The main existing international law only applies to shared aquifers connected to surface water.

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