Mumbai, Dec. 11 (PTI): Nani Ardeshir Palkhivala, jurist and former ambassador to the US, died today at Jaslok Hospital following a protracted illness.
Palkhivala, who was ailing for the last few years, was admitted to Jaslok Hospital on December 7 after complaints of uneasiness. He suffered a severe cardiac arrest while in the hospital but was revived. However, his condition remained critical.
Palkhivala, 82, died at 5.15 pm with his brother and niece at the bedside.
A member on the board of directors of the Press Trust of India representing public interest since 1985, he was also a director of the Tata group of companies for many years.
Palkhivala argued a number of historical cases including those that affirmed the Fundamental Rights of minorities to establish and administer educational and religious institutions and choose the language in which education should be imparted.
In January 1998, the President conferred on him the Padma Vibhushan.
Prime Minister Vajpayee, Congress president Sonia Gandhi and former Chief Justice Y.V. Chandrachud led political and legal luminaries in condoling the death of Palkhivala.
Palkhivala wrote several books on tax laws, including The Law and Practice of Income Tax. He also co-authored a book, Taxation in India, published by the Harvard university in the World Tax series. He has also written books on the Constitution.
In 1984, he published We the People, which contains his speeches and writings spanning over three decades, including extracts from his speeches on the Union budget. Ten years later, he wrote We the Nation, the companion volume to the earlier one.