The Telegraph
Since 1st March, 1999
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The United Nations general assembly, recalling its previous resolutions, especially resolutions 33/166 of December 20, 1978, and 43/112 of December 8, 1988, and those of the commission on human rights and the economic and social council, related to the question of a convention on the rights of the child,

Taking note, in particular, of commission on human rights resolution 1989/57 of March 8, 1989, by which the commission decided to transmit the draft convention on the rights of the child, through the economic and social council, to the general assembly, and economic and social council resolution 1989/79 of May 24, 1989, reaffirming that children’s rights require special protection and call for continuous improvement of the situation of children all over the world, as well as for their development and education in conditions of peace and security,

Profoundly concerned that the situation of children in many parts of the world remains critical as a result of inadequate social conditions, natural disasters, armed conflicts, exploitation, illiteracy, hunger and disability, and convinced that urgent and effective national and international action is called for,

Mindful of the important role of the UN children’s fund and that of the UN in promoting the well-being of children and their development,

Convinced that an international convention on the rights of the child, as a standard-setting accomplishment of the UN in the field of human rights, would make a positive contribution to protecting children’s rights and ensuring their well-being,

Bearing in mind that 1989 marks the 30th anniversary of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the 10th anniversary of the International Year of the Child,

Expresses its appreciation to the commission on human rights for having concluded the elaboration of the draft convention on the rights of the child;

Adopts and opens for signature, ratification and accession the Convention on the Rights of the Child contained in the annex to the present resolution;

Calls upon all member states to consider signing and ratifying or acceding to the convention as a matter of priority and expresses the hope that it will come into force at an early date;

Requests the secretary-general to provide all the facilities and assistance necessary for dissemination of information on the convention;

Invites UN agencies and organizations, as well as inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, to intensify their efforts with a view to disseminating information on the convention and to promoting its understanding;

Requests the secretary-general to submit to the general assembly at its 45th session a report on the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child...


The states parties to the present convention,

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the charter of the UN, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Bearing in mind that the peoples of the UN have, in the charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Recognizing that the UN has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,

Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to special care and assistance,

Convinced that the family, as the fundamental group of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members and particularly children, should be afforded the necessary protection and assistance so that it can fully assume its responsibilities within the community,

Recognizing that the child, for the full and harmonious development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment, in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding,

Considering that the child should be fully prepared to live an individual life in society, and brought up in the spirit of the ideals proclaimed in the charter of the UN, and in particular in the spirit of peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity...

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