Funds slash sparks fee spiral
Varsity passes Shah test
Hotels pay to get back water connections
Go for that perfect get-well vacation
The City Diary
Court vigil call on waterworks
Ex-armymen to bolster cop efficiency
B-school Net course for executives
CPM on revenge rampage
Blood flows over tap-water feud

 
 
FUNDS SLASH SPARKS FEE SPIRAL 
 
 
BY A STAFF REPORTER
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
With the tone set by a reforms-driven government, two premier English-medium schools in the city hiked their tuition fees on Friday. The development can be a precursor of things to come in most other Anglo-Indian schools.

Friday’s fee hike — effected by La Martiniere for Boys and Girls and St James’ — is likely to be replicated by St Thomas’ on Monday and other schools later.

A month and a half ago, the government proposed a drastic slash in the assistance it gives to Anglo-Indian schools. Friday’s move is being viewed as the fall-out of that government decision, say school officials.

In February, the government informed the heads of the Anglo-Indian schools about its plans to cut the dearness-allowance component of the grant. Instead of providing 132 per cent of the employees’ basic salaries, the government would, henceforth, dole out only 41 per cent.

The schools’ decision to pass on the financial burden to parents was met with widespread resentment from both guardians and teachers, apart from employees of the schools.

“In view of the recent changes, which will have an impact on the financial viability of our institutions, we have been constrained to review the existing fee structure,” read the circular at La Martiniere and St James’. The circulars were distributed on Friday.

At La Martiniere for Girls, the admission fee has been raised from Rs 8,000 to Rs 12,000 from the current academic session. Students will have to pay an additional amount of close to Rs 450 every month, say school officials.

The school is expected to earn an additional amount of nearly Rs 1.20 crore per annum after the hike in students’ fees. Principal Hilda Peacock refused to comment on the matter.

“We are fully aware that this additional burden that has been placed on our schools will put a strain on your budget,” the circular said. “However, as in the past, we are confident of your understanding and co-operation to meet this situation,” it added.

“We are shocked at the way the fees have been raised. We should have been informed earlier,” complained Sunita Mitra, mother of a La Martiniere for Girls student.

At St James School for Boys, the annual session fee has been hiked from Rs 150 to Rs 1,200. The additional burden per month works out to around Rs 500, with the jump in tuition fees of Rs 100 and a significant increase under various other heads.

Employees and teachers of Anglo-Indian schools, however, expressed a deep concern over the hike. “There was no need for such a hasty and steep hike. It’s a knee-jerk reaction,” said a senior teacher of one of the schools.

   

 
 
VARSITY PASSES SHAH TEST 
 
 
BY A STAFF REPORTER
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
After being in his line of fire for months, Calcutta University (CU) came in for a surprise pat on the back from Governor Viren J. Shah on Friday.

Delivering the chancellor’s address at the annual convocation of the university, Shah said: “I am happy to discern a trend of revival and growth in Calcutta University after a painful period of decline and turmoil.”

Shah, who has used every opportunity in recent times to haul up CU for its deteriorating standards and plummeting image, was fulsome in his praise for the ‘turnaround’.

“Gone are the delays in financial audits or in awarding doctorate degrees to students,” said the CU chancellor, citing the five-star rating from the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) as proof of how the university had hit the road to revival.

Appealing to students to maintain high standards so that the university “regained its past position of glory and fame”, Shah recounted a time when CU was the “dream destination” for brilliant students and teachers.

“Securing a degree from this university used to be a virtual passport for moving to universities like Oxford, Cambridge or Harvard, which are considered to be the Meccas of higher education,” added the chancellor.

Shah, however, warned that the “university-industry partnership” was yet to take off. “There is a need for meaningful research in basic sciences to attract industry attention,” he said.

The chancellor has always been critical of the university’s failure to keep pace with the changing times. He has been urging the authorities to get their act together and introduce a professional approach to run the prestigious institute.

Earlier, addressing the function, vice-chancellor Ashis Kumar Banerjee announced that the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had agreed to sponsor the expansion of the university’s space research projects. A new centre for research in space environment has already been set up in the university. “We will also introduce a human rights MA course this academic session,” said Banerjee.

The university conferred honorary doctoral degrees to historian Romila Thapar and ISRO chairman Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan. Thirteen other distinguished professionals from various fields were awarded special medals and prizes. Among them were actor Tarun Kumar Chatterjee and economist Amlan Dutta.

Bangladeshi held: A Bangladeshi citizen was arrested from Patipukur fish market, in the Ultadanga police station area, on Friday morning. Police seized 21 bullets, two muskets and three revolvers from his Shanti Colony home. The man was identified as Swapan Poddar.

   

 
 
HOTELS PAY TO GET BACK WATER CONNECTIONS 
 
 
BY OUR LEGAL REPORTER
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
It cost The Oberoi Grand Rs 2 crore and Hotel Hindustan International (HHI) Rs 10 lakh to have their water supply restored on Friday. The star hotels made the ad hoc payment to the civic authorities following a Calcutta High Court order.

But Friday’s resolution is subject to disposal of the case that comes up for hearing on April 22.

The taps at the Grand and HHI had run dry on Monday with the Calcutta Municipal Corporation (CMC) accusing them of running up “huge property tax dues”. The hotels refused to comment on Friday’s turn of events.

“The matter is sub-judice and so we reserve comment,” said Nazreen Haidar, communications manager of the Grand. “Our water supply has been restored but since the matter is sub-judice, we would not like to make any further comment on the matter,” was what HHI general manager Sanjeev Kapoor had to say.

Chief minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, meanwhile, called up Sovan Chatterjee, member of the mayor’s council in charge of water supply, on Friday and lauded the CMC’s efforts to realise its dues. “He (Bhattacharjee) said the government fully supported the efforts to raise revenue for the civic body,” Chatterjee later said.

On Friday morning, the matter came up for hearing before the division bench of Justice S. Banerjee and Justice I. Banerjee. Shaktinath Mukherjee, counsel for the Grand, said his client was ready to pay Rs 2 crore, as suggested by the judge on Wednesday, but the amount should be refunded if the verdict of the case went in the hotel’s favour. HHI agreed to pay an ad hoc amount of Rs 10 lakh.

CMC lawyer P.K. Roy accepted the offers from the two hotels. The cheques were immediately handed over to representatives of the civic body by the hotel authorities in the courtroom. The division bench then directed the CMC to “restore normal water supply to the hotels with immediate effect”.

When the civic authorities had disconnected their water lines, the hotels had moved high court, where Justice A. Lala had passed an interim order asking the CMC to restore supply within 24 hours. The civic authorities then moved the division bench, challenging the interim order. Counsels on behalf of the hotels were demanding restoration of water supply, as their clients had already paid the property taxes.

Chatterjee, meanwhile, said a list of hotels, restaurants and government establishments that owed money to the civic body in property and water taxes was being drawn up “for appropriate action”.

   

 
 
GO FOR THAT PERFECT GET-WELL VACATION 
 
 
BY SUBHRO SAHA
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
From chronic fatigue syndrome to sinusitis, digestive disorders to hypertension — Jeff Butterworth has a natural therapy up his sleeve for every conceivable condition. Blending the rejuvenating powers of contemporary naturopathy with Indian ayurveda techniques, the 30-year-old Australian specialist naturopathic consultant hopes to create “the perfect wellness vacation” for faltering bodies and frazzled nerves, at the Vedic Village on Rajarhat Road, slated to open its doors to Calcuttans this October.

“Our idea is not to provide quick-fix solutions, but to offer a holistic, cutting-edge therapy in a supporting environment by importing the best of western naturopathy and spa treatment to blend with Indian ayurdeda,” explains Butterworth, a lecturer at Academy of Natural Therapies on the Gold Coast, Queensland.

Jeff, also involved with The Golden Door Health Resort on the Gold Coast — “among the finest in the world” — is confident that Vedic Village, once complete, will step ahead of that, and be the first of its kind in this part of the world.

“The uniqueness of this development prompted me to lend my name to it,” he says about the Village, being developed by Sanjeevani Projects Ltd, combining the elements of a resort, nature cure and holistic living through organic farming, diagnostics, meditation and ethnic foods.

Wife Katrina, manager, World Travel Professionals, who has accompanied Jeff on this initial appraisal tour of the Vedic Village as a Timeshare professional, adds: “None of the 3,700 affiliated Resorts Condominiums International (RCI) Timeshare resorts all over the world offers so many features together. This will be the perfect exotic wellness vacation at a stone’s throw from the heart of the city.” The 30-year Timeshare units on offer at Vedic Village have a swap option with the RCI-affiliated resorts worldwide.

Jeff, who will also bring in his own Earth Medicine line of whole foods like spirulina and green barley as “nutritional enlightenment”, hopes to rejuvenate the mind and body by using contemporary stimulating detoxifying techniques, like lymphatic drainage, aromatherapy, acupressure, reflexology, mud baths and body wraps.

Any individual coming for an overhaul will be first put through an ayurvedic consultation. The residing naturopath will then carry out analyses with the haemaview machine, which measures toxicity levels, by looking into the iris through digital iridology and monitoring pulse beat on the magnograph.

“Depending on the findings and lifestyle of the individual, we put him on a customised road map to recovery,” says Jeff. The Vedic Village will also become a teaching centre of excellence in due course, according to Sean O’ Connor, executive director, International Leisure Consultants, the Hong Kong-based firm engaged in designing the resort.

“We are looking at cross-referring patients between the ayurveda and naturopathy centres. Jeff’s undergraduate students from the Gold Coast university will come down to the Village to exchange knowledge with Indian experts and there can be an exchange programme in place,” says Sean. Body therapists will be sourced locally and trained by experts from the Gold Coast.

“This is the first time that a foreign expert will be working hands-on in a project like this. We have tried to create a level of excellence West Bengal has not seen before,” says M.J. Robertson, CEO, lifestyle division, Sanjeevani Group.

   

 
 
THE CITY DIARY 
 
 
 
 

Cylinder blast at Madhuri meet site

There was chaos at Emami Shoppers City on Lord Sinha Road after a cooking gas cylinder burst early on Friday. A fast-food shop on the ground floor was destroyed. The building was the venue of a function to be attended later in the day by actress Madhuri Dixit. Officials of the bomb disposal squad reached the spot with sniffer dogs and forensic experts hours after the blast. The Shakespeare Sarani police cordoned off the area. Their task was made difficult by on-lookers who had gathered to catch a glimpse of the screen queen. Pratapaditya Mazumdar, in charge of the building’s security and administration, said: “The guards on duty heard a blast around 1.30 am. The sound came from the rear section of the ground floor. The main door of the shop was blown away and furniture was strewn all over the place.”

Court order on criminals

Aftab Ansari was produced before the Alipore Court in connection with the attempted abduction of a businessman in 1999. He was remanded in police custody till April 18. Jamaluddin Nasir, who was arrested in connection with the attack on the American Center, was chargesheeted on Friday under the Arms Act, police said.

Woman hangs self

A 46-year-old woman hanged herself at her Shyampukur residence on Friday morning. Police said the woman had been depressive for the past few months. She was taken to a nearby hospital, where doctors pronounced her dead.

Pirated cassettes

The police seized 2.7 lakh pirated audio cassettes, worth about Rs 75 lakh, from the Chandni Chowk area. Two persons were arrested in this connection.

Teachers upset

Members of the Secondary Teachers’ and Employees’ Association alleged that a large number of teachers and employees of state-aided schools will be inconvenienced due to the government’s decision not to allow them to accept any honorary remuneration. The government imposed the ban as part of its drive to stop private tuition. The association alleged that a large number of teachers were engaged in various cultural activities, like singing and painting, and such a ban will create confusion.

Man arrested

The owner of a prominent chain of computer education centres was arrested from his Gurusaday Road residence early on Friday. The raid was jointly conducted by the Burdwan police and the Karaya police. The man was arrested on the basis of a complaint lodged in Durgapur recently. The police team, apparently, faced a lot of resistance while carrying out the arrest. “We had to cordon off the house at night. In the morning, we broke the gate and entered the premises. Women police officials had to be called in from the Lalbazar headquarters,” said a policeman who participated in the raid.

Electrocuted

A 50-year-old man died after being electrocuted in Gaighata, on the northern fringes of the city, on Friday morning. Police said the accident occurred when Nimai Mandal was trying to remove some wires lying in his courtyard. He died on way to hospital.    

 
 
COURT VIGIL CALL ON WATERWORKS 
 
 
BY OUR LEGAL REPORTER
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
The green bench of Calcutta High Court has directed the Calcutta Municipal Corporation (CMC), Howrah Municipal Corporation (HMC), the public health engineering department of the state and the Eastern Railway to keep a check on the drinking water in Calcutta and Howrah. Officials have been asked to furnish their reports in court within four weeks.

The bench, comprising Chief Justice A.K. Mathur and Justice S.K. Mukherjee, also directed the public health engineering department to file a report, stating the percentage of contamination in the Hooghly at Palta, in North 24-Parganas, and Serampore.

Water samples will be collected from Nilratan Sirkar Hospital, M.R. Bangur Hospital, S.S.K.M. Hospital, Sambhunath Pandit Hospital and Medical College and Hospital, Hindu School, Hare School, Chetla Boys’ School and Deshabandhu Institution, the CMC headquarters on S.N. Banerjee Road, Calcutta High Court and 14 other places in the city.

Similarly, HMC will hold purity tests at Satyabala ID Hospital, Howrah General Hospital and Jaiswal Hospital, besides five other points in the town. The railway authorities will have to test the water samples on Sealdah’s platforms.

According to the petition, the reports filed by the laboratories of Central Pollution Control Board and the Institute of Public Health and Hygiene had declared that drinking water in the above-mentioned areas was full of bacteria and unfit for consumption.

On Friday, when the matter came up for hearing, petitioner Subhas Dutta said the pollution control board had observed that water with a contamination coliform till 5,000 ml could be ‘purified’ for the purpose of drinking. But according to recent surveys, the Hooghly at its main source — Palta and Serampore waterworks, had coliform levels up to 135,000 ml and 1,100,000 ml, respectively.

   

 
 
EX-ARMYMEN TO BOLSTER COP EFFICIENCY 
 
 
BY SHANKAR MUKHERJEE
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
The Left Front has decided to recruit retired armymen for some key posts in the city and state police departments, to instil greater discipline in the force and improve efficiency.

The decision was taken at a high-level meeting held at Writers’ Buildings recently, attended by chief minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, chief secretary S.N. Roy and home secretary A.K. Deb.

Senior home department officials said that initially, armymen who have retired recently as colonels and who are found physically fit will be recruited as heads of the battalions.

They will hold the post of commanding officers (CO) of the 17 battalions in Calcutta and districts.

On Bhattacharjee’s supervision, Deb has prepared a report on the recruitment procedure of ex-servicemen in the force.

Army officials have short-listed 30 ‘retired’ colonels, as desired by the state government, which intends to engage more army personnel to impart better training to the police force.

“Our purpose is to strengthen the force and restore the glory of Calcutta Police, which was once compared to Scotland Yard, for its efficiency and investigative abilities. Of course, our policemen are capable of handling any kind of attack. Still, there is no place for complacency. We want to make our force more active. We want them to adapt to difficult situations,” Deb said.

Nearly 20 posts in the ranks of deputy commissioner and superintendent are lying vacant in the police and cannot be filled for want of IPS officers in the categories concerned.

Deb felt that the appointment of ex-armymen in these posts would solve the present crisis.

According to senior home department officials, in recruiting ex-armymen for the key police posts, the service rules will have to be changed by the Cabinet and the posts of COs will have to be declared non-cadre posts.

Another consideration that prompted the state government to engage ex-servicemen is its desire to provide better training to the police force in sophisticated arms and help it combat terrorist attacks effectively.

“The recent attack on the American Center in Calcutta and the spurt in PWG activities in Midnapore, Bankura and Burdwan districts underline the need for our policemen to go through intensive training in sophisticated arms and use their presence of mind,” officials said.

Sources said the chief minister, who also holds the home portfolio, wants to see greater preparedness among the force to deal with the situation arising out of a possible terrorist strike in West Bengal.

Bhattacharjee, who has often described the state as an “oasis of peace” as far as general law and order is concerned, does not intend taking any more chances and has, therefore, decided to utilise the services of retired army personnel to tone up administration, sources added.

   

 
 
B-SCHOOL NET COURSE FOR EXECUTIVES 
 
 
BY A STAFF REPORTER
 
Calcutta, April 5: 
The Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIMC) has joined hands with Macmillan India to offer the country’s first online executive development programme. Amitava Bose, director, IIMC, launched the Internet-based training programme on Friday. “This new form of pedagogy will revolutionise the way we reach out to students and corporates,” said Bose.

Jeff, who will also bring in his own Earth Medicine line of whole foods like spirulina and green barley as “nutritional enlightenment”, hopes to rejuvenate the mind and body by using contemporary stimulating detoxifying techniques, like lymphatic drainage, aromatherapy, acupressure, reflexology, mud baths and body wraps.

Any individual coming for an overhaul will be first put through an ayurvedic consultation. The residing naturopath will then carry out analyses with the haemaview machine, which measures toxicity levels, by looking into the iris through digital iridology and monitoring pulse beat on the magnograph.

“Depending on the findings and lifestyle of the individual, we put him on a customised road map to recovery,” says Jeff. The Vedic Village will also become a teaching centre of excellence in due course, according to Sean O’ Connor, executive director, International Leisure Consultants, the Hong Kong-based firm engaged in designing the resort.

“We are looking at cross-referring patients between the ayurveda and naturopathy centres. Jeff’s undergraduate students from the Gold Coast university will come down to the Village to exchange knowledge with Indian experts and there can be an exchange programme in place,” says Sean. Body therapists will be sourced locally and trained by experts from the Gold Coast.

“This is the first time that a foreign expert will be working hands-on in a project like this. We have tried to create a level of excellence West Bengal has not seen before,” says M.J. Robertson, CEO, lifestyle division, Sanjeevani Group.

The online course will target working professionals and help sharpen their skills in various spheres of management. In the first phase, training modules will be available in corporate finance and organisational behaviour. “But we also plan to offer other courses, like strategic management and marketing,” said Raj S. Joshi, vice-president, Macmillan India.

Jeff, who will also bring in his own Earth Medicine line of whole foods like spirulina and green barley as “nutritional enlightenment”, hopes to rejuvenate the mind and body by using contemporary stimulating detoxifying techniques, like lymphatic drainage, aromatherapy, acupressure, reflexology, mud baths and body wraps.

Any individual coming for an overhaul will be first put through an ayurvedic consultation. The residing naturopath will then carry out analyses with the haemaview machine, which measures toxicity levels, by looking into the iris through digital iridology and monitoring pulse beat on the magnograph.

“Depending on the findings and lifestyle of the individual, we put him on a customised road map to recovery,” says Jeff. The Vedic Village will also become a teaching centre of excellence in due course, according to Sean O’ Connor, executive director, International Leisure Consultants, the Hong Kong-based firm engaged in designing the resort.

“We are looking at cross-referring patients between the ayurveda and naturopathy centres. Jeff’s undergraduate students from the Gold Coast university will come down to the Village to exchange knowledge with Indian experts and there can be an exchange programme in place,” says Sean. Body therapists will be sourced locally and trained by experts from the Gold Coast.

“This is the first time that a foreign expert will be working hands-on in a project like this. We have tried to create a level of excellence West Bengal has not seen before,” says M.J. Robertson, CEO, lifestyle division, Sanjeevani

Classes will start in the first week of June 2002. Content offered on the Net will be in line with the curriculum followed in the institute’s full-time programmes. Both courses are priced at Rs 6,000 and while the corporate finance modules will be covered in three months, the organisational behaviour section will take two months.

Jeff, who will also bring in his own Earth Medicine line of whole foods like spirulina and green barley as “nutritional enlightenment”, hopes to rejuvenate the mind and body by using contemporary stimulating detoxifying techniques, like lymphatic drainage, aromatherapy, acupressure, reflexology, mud baths and body wraps.

Any individual coming for an overhaul will be first put through an ayurvedic consultation. The residing naturopath will then carry out analyses with the haemaview machine, which measures toxicity levels, by looking into the iris through digital iridology and monitoring pulse beat on the magnograph.

“Depending on the findings and lifestyle of the individual, we put him on a customised road map to recovery,” says Jeff. The Vedic Village will also become a teaching centre of excellence in due course, according to Sean O’ Connor, executive director, International Leisure Consultants, the Hong Kong-based firm engaged in designing the resort.

“We are looking at cross-referring patients between the ayurveda and naturopathy centres. Jeff’s undergraduate students from the Gold Coast university will come down to the Village to exchange knowledge with Indian experts and there can be an exchange programme in place,” says Sean. Body therapists will be sourced locally and trained by experts from the Gold Coast.

“This is the first time that a foreign expert will be working hands-on in a project like this. We have tried to create a level of excellence West Bengal has not seen before,” says M.J. Robertson, CEO, lifestyle division, Sanjeevani Group.

“Anyone with some basic concepts of finance can log on to the programme. The content will give the participants a full overview of the subject. There will be assignments, case studies and Q&A sections,” said B.B. Chakraborty, co-ordinator of corporate finance course.

To make the programmes interactive and facilitate exchange of ideas, there will be regular chat sessions on the Net. The training modules on organisational behaviour will focus on individual effectiveness in the new economy. “We will try to address the key issue of re-equipping individuals in these anxiety-prone days,” explained Vidyanand Jha, coordinator of the organisational behaviour course.

   

 
 
CPM ON REVENGE RAMPAGE 
 
 
FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT
 
Barjora (Bankura), April 5: 
A group of CPM supporters today went on the rampage here, torching shops and houses of Trinamul Congress and BJP workers following Thursday night’s murder of a local party leader, Biren Roy, allegedly by a Trinamul activist.

The angry CPM workers even attacked a police party which reached the site almost four hours after the murder, injuring two of them. A police jeep was damaged in the attack. Police later arrested four persons in connection with the murder and two CPM supporters for attacking the police party.

Most of the male villagers of Manarchar have fled after the attack and their womenfolk appear terrorised. Champa Biswas, a housewife, recounted how CPM workers raided the houses one after another and beat up the male members after last night’s murder. “They came again this morning along with some outsiders and set fire to our houses,” she told senior district police officials.

CPM supporters initially refused to allow even senior party leaders and reporters to visit the affected area. This was corroborated by CPM legislator of Sonamukhi, Sukhendu Khan. “They are not in a mood to listen to anybody,” he said.

Khan added that the murder of Roy, a member of the Bankura district committee, had infuriated party workers and prompted them to indulge in arson. “I have seen the shops and houses burning,” he said.

Two fire engines were rushed from Durgapur to douse the blaze. Amiya Patra, secretary of the CPM’s Bankura district committee, later visited the village.

District superintendent of police Basudeb Bag led a police party to the area after the situation deteriorated. He later told reporters that today’s violence was a kind of retaliation to Roy’s murder and similar acts of arson on the part of Trinamul and BJP supporters yesterday. He, however, promised to take stern action against those responsible for violence and arson.

He attributed Roy’s murder and consequent violence to a long-standing dispute between local CPM and Trinamul and BJP leaders over electrification of the village. The Trinamul-BJP combine alleged that the Marxists were providing connections only to their supporters.

Bag said Roy was shot dead by Manoj Bal, believed to be a Trinamul supporter. Local CPM supporters, however, caught him and severely beat him up. Police later rescued him and took him to a hospital in Bankura in a serious condition.

   

 
 
BLOOD FLOWS OVER TAP-WATER FEUD 
 
 
FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT
 
Chinsurah, April 5: 
One person was killed and at least 30, including women, injured when the police today opened fire to disperse warring groups which clashed with bombs and firearms over sharing of drinking water from a roadside tap at Telinipara-Goldalpara area, about 5 km from here in Hooghly district.

At leash 12 shops were torched by the warring groups.

Officials later said one Raj Kumar Chowdhury, 35, who received both bullet and splinter injuries, died on the spot. However, they are yet to confirm whether Chowdhury died due to police firing or due to splinters from bombs, used indiscriminately during the clashes for over two hours.

State home secretary Amit Kiran Deb said at Writers’ Buildings that district magistrate Subrata Biswas and superintendent of police N. Ramesh Babu have been asked to camp in the area.

“The situation is under control in the area and senior officials are camping there to ward off further violence,” he added.

Inspector-general of police, law and order, Chayan Mukherjee, later denied that there was any police firing resulting in the killing of one person. He said several were injured, eight of them seriously, due to clashes among members of the rival groups.

Police in Bhadreswar said they tried to disperse the warring groups by lobbing teargas shells, but when that failed, they opened fire.

   
 

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